27 August 2014 Nanostructured refractory thin films for solar applications
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Selective solar absorbers are key elements of all solar thermal systems. Solar thermal panels and Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) systems aim respectively at producing heat and electricity. In both cases, a surface receives the solar radiation and is designed to have the highest optical absorption (lowest optical reflectivity) of the solar radiation in the visible wavelength range where the solar intensity is the highest. It also has a low emissivity in the infrared (IR) range in order to avoid radiative thermal losses. Current solutions in the state of the art usually consist in deposited interferential thin films or in cermets [1]. Structured surfaces have been proposed and have been simulated because they are supposed to be more efficient when the solar radiation is not normal to the receiving surface and because they could potentially be fabricated with refractory materials able to sustain high operating temperatures. This work presents a new method to fabricate micro/nanostructured surfaces on molybdenum (refractory metal with a melting temperature of 2623°C). This method now allows obtaining a refractory selective surface with an excellent optical selectivity and a very high absorption in the visible range. This high absorption performance was obtained by achieving a double structuration at micro and nano scales thanks to an innovative process flow.
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E. Ollier, E. Ollier, N. Dunoyer, N. Dunoyer, O. Dellea, O. Dellea, H. Szambolics, H. Szambolics, "Nanostructured refractory thin films for solar applications", Proc. SPIE 9172, Nanostructured Thin Films VII, 91720B (27 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2061376; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2061376

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