8 October 2014 Concepts for the material development of phosphorescent organic materials processable from solution and their application in OLEDs
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Abstract
One example of organic electronics is the application of polymer based light emitting devices (PLEDs). PLEDs are very attractive for large area and fine-pixel displays, lighting and signage. The polymers are more amenable to solution processing by printing techniques which are favourable for low cost production in large areas. With phosphorescent emitters like Ir-complexes higher quantum efficiencies were obtained than with fluorescent systems, especially if multilayer stack systems with separated charge transport and emitting layers were applied in the case of small molecules. Polymers exhibit the ability to integrate all the active components like the hole-, electron-transport and phosphorescent molecules in only one layer. Here, the active components of a phosphorescent system – triplet emitter, hole- and electron transport molecules – can be linked as a side group to a polystyrene main chain. By varying the molecular structures of the side groups as well as the composition of the side chains with respect to the triplet emitter, hole- and electron transport structure, and by blending with suitable glass-forming, so-called small molecules, brightness, efficiency and lifetime of the produced OLEDs can be optimized. By choosing the triplet emitter, such as iridium complexes, different emission colors can be specially set. Different substituted triazine molecules were introduced as side chain into a polystyrene backbone and applied as electron transport material in PLED blend systems. The influence of alkyl chain lengths of the performance will be discussed. For an optimized blend system with a green emitting phosphorescent Ir-complex efficiencies of 60 cd/A and an lifetime improvement of 66.000 h @ 1000 cd/m2 were achieved.
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S. Janietz, H. Krueger, M. Thesen, B. Salert, A. Wedel, "Concepts for the material development of phosphorescent organic materials processable from solution and their application in OLEDs", Proc. SPIE 9183, Organic Light Emitting Materials and Devices XVIII, 918303 (8 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2061005; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2061005
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