6 October 2014 Solution-processable perylene diimide based star-shaped small molecule acceptor: synthesis and photovoltaic properties
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Abstract
Previously we have reported a series of perylene dimide (PDI) dimers as efficient solution-processible small molecule acceptors. In this paper we present a new solution-processible PDI trimer with triphenylamine as the romatic bridge. This trimer was synthesized by Suzuki coupling reaction and fully characterized with 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, TOF-MS, and elementary analysis. It exhibits a broad absorption band in the wavelength range from 450 to 650 nm with a peak round 533 nm and a maximum extinction coefficient of 9.61 × 104 M-1 cm-1. Its lowest unoccupied and highest occupied molecular orbit (LUMO and HOMO) energies are −3.75 and −5.60 eV. When blend with the commercial P3HT, it gives an open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.73 V, a short-circuit current-density (Jsc) of 0.60 mA/cm2, a fill-factor (FF) of 51.0% and an efficiency of 0.22%. When utilizing the conjugated polymer of PBDTTT-C-T as the donor and 5% DIO as the additive, the best conventional cell yields 1.82% efficiency with a Voc of 0.99 V, a Jsc of 3.44 mA/cm2, and an FF of 53.0%.
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Xin Zhang, Bo Jiang, Shaoqing Zhang, Jianhui Hou, Jiannian Yao, Chuanlang Zhan, "Solution-processable perylene diimide based star-shaped small molecule acceptor: synthesis and photovoltaic properties", Proc. SPIE 9184, Organic Photovoltaics XV, 91840C (6 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2058421; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2058421
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