6 October 2014 Reducing the variability in performance of organic solar cells containing vacuum deposited MoOx extraction layers
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Abstract
Reproducibility in efficiency and lifetime of organic solar cells (OSCs) remains a major concern, especially with the development of more complex and modern multi-layer device architectures. In this work, OSCs are studied for their efficiency and photo-stability as a function of the quality of their thermally evaporated MoOx hole extraction layer (HEL). To this end, the characteristics of the MoOx film are demonstrated to change with repeat evaporation runs from the same source material. These variations have strong effects on polymer OSCs (p-OSCs), with an effective halving of the power conversion efficiency after only three MoO3 evaporation runs. In contrast, vacuum deposited small molecule OSCs (sm-OSCs) appear to be unaffected by the history of the MoO3 source material. sm- OSCs are instead shown to be prone to large changes in efficiency as a function of the delay time in between deposition of the MoOx HEL and subsequent photo-active materials. Increased delay time between these deposition steps is also demonstrated to decrease the sm-OSC photo-stability. The results thus emphasize subtleties in materials deposition processes that can play a significant role in obtaining reproducible and scientifically relevant data.
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Graeme Williams, Graeme Williams, Hany Aziz, Hany Aziz, } "Reducing the variability in performance of organic solar cells containing vacuum deposited MoOx extraction layers", Proc. SPIE 9184, Organic Photovoltaics XV, 91841Q (6 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2061078; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2061078
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