5 September 2014 Genetic algorithms used for the optimization of light-emitting diodes and solar thermal collectors
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Abstract
We present a genetic algorithm (GA) we developed for the optimization of light-emitting diodes (LED) and solar thermal collectors. The surface of a LED can be covered by periodic structures whose geometrical and material parameters must be adjusted in order to maximize the extraction of light. The optimization of these parameters by the GA enabled us to get a light-extraction efficiency η of 11.0% from a GaN LED (for comparison, the flat material has a light-extraction efficiency η of only 3.7%). The solar thermal collector we considered consists of a waffle-shaped Al substrate with NiCrOx and SnO2 conformal coatings. We must in this case maximize the solar absorption α while minimizing the thermal emissivity ϵ in the infrared. A multi-objective genetic algorithm has to be implemented in this case in order to determine optimal geometrical parameters. The parameters we obtained using the multi-objective GA enable α~97.8% and ϵ~4.8%, which improves results achieved previously when considering a flat substrate. These two applications demonstrate the interest of genetic algorithms for addressing complex problems in physics.
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Alexandre Mayer, Alexandre Mayer, Annick Bay, Annick Bay, Lucie Gaouyat, Lucie Gaouyat, Delphine Nicolay, Delphine Nicolay, Timoteo Carletti, Timoteo Carletti, Olivier Deparis, Olivier Deparis, } "Genetic algorithms used for the optimization of light-emitting diodes and solar thermal collectors", Proc. SPIE 9187, The Nature of Light: Light in Nature V, 918705 (5 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2060811; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2060811
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