12 September 2014 Structural-Thermal-Optical-Performance (STOP) model development and analysis of a field-widened Michelson interferometer
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Abstract
An integrated Structural-Thermal-Optical-Performance (STOP) model was developed for a field-widened Michelson interferometer which is being built and tested for the High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL) project at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC). The performance of the interferometer is highly sensitive to thermal expansion, changes in refractive index with temperature, temperature gradients, and deformation due to mounting stresses. Hand calculations can only predict system performance for uniform temperature changes, under the assumption that coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) mismatch effects are negligible. An integrated STOP model was developed to investigate the effects of design modifications on the performance of the interferometer in detail, including CTE mismatch, and other threedimensional effects. The model will be used to improve the design for a future spaceflight version of the interferometer. The STOP model was developed using the Comet SimApp™ Authoring Workspace which performs automated integration between Pro-Engineer®, Thermal Desktop®, MSC Nastran™, SigFit™, Code V™, and MATLAB®. This is the first flight project for which LaRC has utilized Comet, and it allows a larger trade space to be studied in a shorter time than would be possible in a traditional STOP analysis. This paper describes the development of the STOP model, presents a comparison of STOP results for simple cases with hand calculations, and presents results of the correlation effort to bench-top testing of the interferometer. A trade study conducted with the STOP model which demonstrates a few simple design changes that can improve the performance seen in the lab is also presented.
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Salvatore J. Scola, Salvatore J. Scola, James F. Osmundsen, James F. Osmundsen, Luke S. Murchison, Luke S. Murchison, Warren T. Davis, Warren T. Davis, Joshua M. Fody, Joshua M. Fody, Charles M. Boyer, Charles M. Boyer, Anthony L. Cook, Anthony L. Cook, Chris A. Hostetler, Chris A. Hostetler, Shane T. Seaman, Shane T. Seaman, Ian J. Miller, Ian J. Miller, Wayne C. Welch, Wayne C. Welch, Adam R. Kosmer, Adam R. Kosmer, } "Structural-Thermal-Optical-Performance (STOP) model development and analysis of a field-widened Michelson interferometer", Proc. SPIE 9193, Novel Optical Systems Design and Optimization XVII, 91930I (12 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2061041; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2061041
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