5 September 2014 Numerical analysis for a solid-core photonic crystal fiber with tunable zero dispersion wavelengths
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Abstract
Here we propose a simple design for a solid-core photonic crystal fiber made of silica by keeping the golden ratio (1.618) between pitch and air hole diameter Λ /d in a subset of six rings of air-holes with hexagonal arrangement. In the case when we have a pitch equal to one micron (Λ =1 μm), we need air-holes diameters d=0.618 μm in order to obtain the golden ratio parameter (Λ/d=1.618), and achieve two zero dispersion wavelength (ZDW) points at 725 nm and 1055 nm; this gives us the possibility to use this fiber in supercontinuum generation using a laser emission close to that points. We analyzed a series of fibers using this relation and show the possibilities of tunable ZDW in a wide range of wavelengths from 725 nm to 2000 nm with low losses and small effective area. In agreement with the ZDW point needed, the geometry of the structure can be modified to the point of having only three rings of air holes that surround the solid core with low losses and good confinement mode. The design proposed here is analyzed using the finite element method (FEM) with perfectly matched layers (PML), including the material dispersion directly into the model applying the Sellmeier’s equation.
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A. Barrientos-García, Igor A. Sukoivanov, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, Igor Guryev, Oleksiy V. Shulika, J. C. Hernandez-García, G. Ramos-Ortiz, "Numerical analysis for a solid-core photonic crystal fiber with tunable zero dispersion wavelengths", Proc. SPIE 9200, Photonic Fiber and Crystal Devices: Advances in Materials and Innovations in Device Applications VIII, 92000L (5 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2061073; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2061073
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