10 October 2014 Front Matter: Volume 9213
This PDF file contains the front matter associated with SPIE Proceedings Volume 9213, including the Title Page, Copyright information, Table of Contents, Introduction, and Conference Committee listing.

The papers included in this volume were part of the technical conference cited on the cover and title page. Papers were selected and subject to review by the editors and conference program committee. Some conference presentations may not be available for publication. The papers published in these proceedings reflect the work and thoughts of the authors and are published herein as submitted. The publisher is not responsible for the validity of the information or for any outcomes resulting from reliance thereon.

Please use the following format to cite material from this book:

Author(s), “Title of Paper,” in Hard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XVI, edited by Arnold Burger, Larry Franks, Ralph B. James, Michael Fiederle, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9213 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2014) Article CID Number.

ISSN: 0277-786X

ISBN: 9781628412406

Published by


P.O. Box 10, Bellingham, Washington 98227-0010 USA

Telephone +1 360 676 3290 (Pacific Time)· Fax +1 360 647 1445


Copyright © 2014, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.

Copying of material in this book for internal or personal use, or for the internal or personal use of specific clients, beyond the fair use provisions granted by the U.S. Copyright Law is authorized by SPIE subject to payment of copying fees. The Transactional Reporting Service base fee for this volume is $18.00 per article (or portion thereof), which should be paid directly to the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923. Payment may also be made electronically through CCC Online at copyright.com. Other copying for republication, resale, advertising or promotion, or any form of systematic or multiple reproduction of any material in this book is prohibited except with permission in writing from the publisher. The CCC fee code is 0277-786X/14/$18.00.

Printed in the United States of America.

Publication of record for individual papers is online in the SPIE Digital Library.


Paper Numbering: Proceedings of SPIE follow an e-First publication model, with papers published first online and then in print and on CD-ROM. Papers are published as they are submitted and meet publication criteria. A unique, consistent, permanent citation identifier (CID) number is assigned to each article at the time of the first publication. Utilization of CIDs allows articles to be fully citable as soon as they are published online, and connects the same identifier to all online, print, and electronic versions of the publication. SPIE uses a six-digit CID article numbering system in which:

  • The first four digits correspond to the SPIE volume number.

  • The last two digits indicate publication order within the volume using a Base 36 numbering system employing both numerals and letters. These two-number sets start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B … 0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc. The CID Number appears on each page of the manuscript. The complete citation is used on the first page, and an abbreviated version on subsequent pages. Numbers in the index correspond to the last two digits of the six-digit CID Number.


Numbers in the index correspond to the last two digits of the six-digit citation identifier (CID) article numbering system used in Proceedings of SPIE. The first four digits reflect the volume number. Base 36 numbering is employed for the last two digits and indicates the order of articles within the volume. Numbers start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B…0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc.

Adhikari, Rajendra, 0M

Ahle, L., 02

Amano, Yoshiharu, 16

Arnold, B., 14

Auxier, Jerrad Philip, 0C

Baker, Stuart, 0H

Baumbach, T., 12

Beck, P. R., 02, 0J, 0N

Beilicke, Matthias, 08

Bhattacharya, Pijush, 0B, 0J

Bilheux, Hassina, 0D

Biswas, Koushik, 0M

Blaj, G., 0V

Boatner, L. A., 0J, 0N

Bolotnikov, Aleksey E., 0F, 1C, 1G, 1H, 1N

Brown, Kristina, 0H

Buliga, Vladimir, 1K

Burger, Arnold, 0B, 0D, 0J, 0M, 0N, 1K

Camarda, G. S., 0F, 1N

Campbell, Luke W., 0L

Cantone, Marie Claire, 1F

Caragiulo, P., 0V

Carini, G., 0V

Cecilia, A., 12

Chaudhuri, Sandeep K., 15

Cherepy, Nerine J., 02, 0J, 0N

Chernysheva, Irina V., 18

Chiodini, Norberto, 1F

Cho, Gyuseong, 1P

Choa, Fow-Sen, 14

Chung, Y.-S., 02

Chvala, Ondrej, 0D

Cirignano, L., 13

Conway, A. M., 13

Couchaud, M., 12

Cui, Y., 0F, 1N

Cunningham, Taylor, 0C

Curtis, Alden, 0H

Danielson, Jeremy, 0H

Davydov, Leonid N., 1C

De Geronimo, Gianluigi, 08

De Mattia, Cristina, 1F

Disch, C., 1I

Dmitrenko, Valery V., 18

Doty, Patrick, 06

Douissard, P.-A., 12

Dowkontt, Paul, 08

Dragone, A., 0V

Draper, Marie, 08

Duff, Martine C., 1K

Dupré, K., 12

Egarievwe, Alexander A., 0Y

Egarievwe, Stephen U., 0Y

Fasoli, Mauro, 1F

Feng, Patrick, 06

Fiederle, M., 0G

Fisher, S. E., 02, 0N

Fochuk, Petro M., 1C, 1G, 1H

Gao, Fei, 0L

Grachev, Victor M., 18

Graff, R. T., 13

Grinyov, B. V., 1B

Groza, Michael, 0B, 1K

Gu, G. D., 1N

Gul, R., 1N

Guo, Qingzhen, 08

Guss, Paul, 0T, 1A

Haines, Todd, 0H

Hales, Zaveon M., 0Y

Haller, G., 0V

Hamann, E., 0G

Hart, P., 0V

Hasebe, Nobuyuki, 16

Hasi, J., 0V

Hawrami, R., 0N

Herbst, R., 0V

Herrera, Elan, 0B, 0D

Herrmann, S., 0V

Hobbs, C., 03

Hossain, Anwar, 0F, 0Y, 1N

House, David, 14

Howe, Russell, 0H

Hunter, S., 02, 0N

James, Ralph B., 0F, 0Y, 1C, 1G, 1H, 1N

Kang, Dong-uk, 1P

Kenney, C., 0V

Kerisit, Sebastien, 0L

Khazhmuradov, Manap A., 1C

Kim, Giyoon, 1P

Kim, H., 13

Kim, Kyeong J., 16

Kim, Myung Soo, 1P

Kindem, J., 02

Kislat, Fabian, 08

Kolopus, J. A., 0J

Koschan, M., 03

Kostioukevitch, S. A., 1B

Krawczynski, Henric, 08

Krishna, Ramesh M., 1L

Kruschwitz, Craig A., 0C, 0T

Kuno, Haruyoshi, 16

Kusano, Hiroki, 16

Kutny, Vladimir E., 1C, 1G

Kwiatkowski, Kris, 0H

Lee, Daehee, 1P

Li, Qi, 0K, 0M

Li, Shaorui, 08

Lindsey, A., 03

Liu, T., 1N

Lu, Xinfu, 0K

Lukosi, Eric, 0B, 0D

Lutz, Steve S., 0H

Lysetska, O. K., 1B

Malone, Robert, 0H

Mandal, Krishna C., 15, 1L

Mannan, Mohammad A., 1L

Markosyan, Gary, 06

Markovic, B., 0V

Martin, T., 12

Matei, Liviu, 0B, 1K

Matias Lopes, José A., 16

Maurer, Richard, 0T, 1A

McKeever, S. W. S., 19

Meek, Thomas, 0C

Melcher, C. L., 02, 03

Milburn, Robert, 0D

Mitchell, Stephen, 0H

Momayezi, M., 0N

Mones, Eleonora, 1F

Mukhopadhyay, Sanjoy, 0C, 0T, 1A

Nagaoka, Hiroshi, 16

Naito, Masayuki, 16

Neal, J. S., 0J

Nelson, A. J., 13

Nelson, K. E., 0N

Nguyen, Khai V., 15

Nikolic, R. J., 13

Nishimura, K., 0V

Novikov, Alexander S., 18

Novikov, V., 0G

Nykoniuk, Ye., 1G, 1H

Okwechime, Ifechukwude O., 0Y

Onyshchenko, G. M., 1B

Opolonin, O. D., 1B

Oyama, Yuki, 16

Pak, Rahmi O., 1L

Payne, S. A., 02, 0J, 0N, 13

Petrenko, Denis V., 18

Piven, L. A., 1B

Prange, Micah, 0L

Rack, A., 12

Radtke, M., 12

Ramey, J. O., 0J

Randles, M. H., 0N

Rarenko, I., 1G, 1H

Reese, B., 0V

Richardson, Dylan, 0D

Riesemeier, H., 12

Rochet, X., 12

Rowe, E., 0J

Roy, U. N., 0F, 1N

Rybka, Alexandr V., 1C, 1G

Ryzhikov, V. D., 1B

Santodonato, Louis, 0D

Schreib, B., 14

Schneeloch, J., 1N

Schwellenbach, David, 0C

Seeley, Z. M., 02

Segal, J., 0V

Shah, Kanai S., 06, 0N, 13

Shaver, Brandon, 0C

Shibamura, Eido, 16

Shirwadkar, Urmila, 06

Shlyakhovyj, V., 1H

Sholom, S., 19

Shustov, Alexander E., 18

Singh, N. B., 14

Sklyarchuk, O., 1G

Sklyarchuk, Valery M., 1C, 1G

Skrypnyk, Anna I., 1C

Smith, C. F., 1B

Solodovnikov, D., 0N

Stand, L., 03

Stassun, Keivan, 0B

Stefanik, T., 02

Stevens, K. T., 0N

Stowe, Ashley C., 0B, 0D

Swanberg, E. L., 02, 0N, 13

Tappero, R., 0F

Thelin, P. A., 0N

Tolbanov, O., 0G

Tomada, A., 0V

Tupitsyn, Eugene, 0B

Tyazhev, A., 0G

Ulin, Sergey E., 18

Uteshev, Ziyaetdin M., 18

Van Liew, Seth, 0U

van Loef, Edgar V., 06

Vedda, Anna, 1F

Veronese, Ivan, 1F

Vlasik, Konstantin F., 18

Voss, L. F., 13

Washington, Aaron L., 1K

Wei, H., 02, 03

Wesemann, V., 12

Wiggins, Brenden, 0B, 0D

Wihl, B. M., 0N

Williams, Richard T., 0K, 0M

Wright, Jonathan S., 1K

Wu, Dangxin, 0L

Xie, Yulong, 0L

Yang, Ge, 0F, 1H, 1N

Zajczyk, Anna, 08

Zakharchenko, Alexandr A., 1C

Zakharuk, Z., 1G, 1H

Zarubin, A., 0G

Zhang, Ming, 0U

Zhong, R., 1N

Zhuravleva, M., 03

Conference Committee

Program Track Chairs

  • Carolyn A. MacDonald, University at Albany (United States)

  • Ralph B. James, Brookhaven National Laboratory (United States)

Conference Chairs

  • Arnold Burger, Fisk University (United States)

  • Larry Franks, Consultant (United States)

  • Ralph B. James, Brookhaven National Laboratory (United States)

  • Michael Fiederle, Freiburger Materialforschungszentrum (Germany)

Conference Program Committee

  • Toru Aoki, Shizuoka University (Japan)

  • Fikri Aqariden, EPIR Technologies, Inc. (United States)

  • Jim E. Baciak Jr., University of Florida (United States)

  • David B. Beach, National Nuclear Security Administration (United States)

  • Zane W. Bell, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States)

  • Lynn A. Boatner, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States)

  • Aleksey E. Bolotnikov, Brookhaven National Laboratory (United States)

  • Edith Bourret Courchesne, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (United States)

  • Giuseppe S. Camarda, Brookhaven National Laboratory (United States)

  • Bill Cardoso, Creative Electron (United States)

  • Henry Chen, Redlen Technologies (Canada)

  • Nerine J. Cherepy, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)

  • Jeffrey J. Derby, University of Minnesota (United States)

  • Kim F. Ferris, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (United States)

  • Petro M. Fochuk, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University (Ukraine)

  • Jan Franc, Charles University in Prague (Czech Republic)

  • Fei Gao, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (United States)

  • Zhong He, University of Michigan (United States)

  • Keitaro Hitomi, Tohoku University (Japan)

  • Alan Janos, U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security (United States)

  • Mercouri Kanatzidis, Northwestern University (United States)

  • Warnick J. Kernan, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (United States)

  • Kelvin G. Lynn, Washington State University (United States)

  • Krishna C. Mandal, University of South Carolina (United States)

  • Robert D. McLaren, Consultant (United States)

  • Shariar Motakef, CapeSym, Inc. (United States)

  • Sanjoy Mukhopadhyay, National Security Technologies, LLC (United States)

  • Ian Radley, Kromek (United Kingdom)

  • Arie Ruzin, Tel Aviv University (Israel)

  • David J. Singh, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States)

  • Narsingh B. Singh, University of Maryland, Baltimore County (United States)

  • Michael R. Squillante, Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. (United States)

  • Ashley C. Stowe, Y-12 National Security Complex (United States)

  • Csaba Szeles, EI Detection & Imaging Systems (United States)

  • Sergey E. Ulin, National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Russian Federation)

  • Peter E. Vanier, Brookhaven National Laboratory (United States)

  • Aaron L. Washington II, Savannah River National Laboratory (United States)

  • Richard T. Williams, Wake Forest University (United States)

Session Chairs

  • 1 Scintillators I

    Stephen A. Payne, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)

  • 2 CZT I

    Robert D. McLaren, Consultant (United States)

  • 3 Neutron Detectors

    Arie Ruzin, Tel Aviv University (Israel)

  • 4 Detector Materials I

    Krishna C. Mandal, University of South Carolina (United States)

  • 5 Scintillators II

    Nerine J. Cherepy, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)

  • 6 CdTe and CZT

    Utpal Roy, Brookhaven National Laboratory (United States)

  • 7 Devices I

    Kelvin G. Lynn, Washington State University (United States)

  • 8 CZT II

    Aleksey E. Bolotnikov, Brookhaven National Laboratory (United States)

  • 9 Detector Materials II

    Aleksey E. Bolotnikov, Brookhaven National Laboratory (United States)

  • 10 Devices II

    Art J. Nelson, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)


This book contains the proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Hard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray and Neutron Detector Physics XVI. The conference was held 18-20 August 2014 in San Diego, CA. The conference was organized into technical sessions on cadmium zinc telluride (CZT), cadmium telluride, scintillators, devices, neutron detectors, and alternative semiconductor detector materials. A poster session was also provided.

The purpose of the conference was to provide a forum for scientists and engineers from the detector development and user communities to present and evaluate the most recent results on x-ray, gamma-ray, and neutron detectors, and to discuss the requirements for a variety of radiation-sensing and imaging applications. The primary theme of the conference was on the development of improved semiconductor and scintillator radiation detectors and imaging arrays—which combine the advantages of room-temperature operation with the ability to spectrally resolve the energies of emitted x- and gamma-rays. By eliminating the cryogen, new radiation-sensing instruments (such as spectrometers, gamma cameras and radiographic systems) can be manufactured that are portable, lightweight, easy to operate, and relatively maintenance-free. Recent research and development on detectors have resulted in measurable progress in the availability of single detectors and imaging arrays. In addition, recent reports of the material properties limiting the performance of semiconductor and scintillator detectors have provided new insights and directions to address deficiencies in the crystals and devices.

Despite the limitations on efficiency and relatively high cost of current room-temperature semiconductor detectors and new emerging scintillators, they have been increasingly deployed in systems useful for medical diagnostics, space applications, safeguarding of nuclear materials, material identification, baggage scanning, position sensing, and gamma-ray spectroscopy. Although significant progress has occurred over recent years, there is still a pressing need to lower the cost of the detectors and to increase the efficiency of the detectors while improving their spectral performance.

A total of 64 presentations, including 15 posters, were provided at the conference. Although the number of attendees varied with the session and day of week, the attendance averaged approximately 50 people with a substantial fraction of those in attendance representing organizations outside of the United States.

This book provides detailed documentation describing a portion of the presentations. The editors hope that it will serve as an important record of the meeting, provide an update on the status of x-ray, gamma-ray, and neutron detector technology, and serve as a useful resource for those working in the field.

The Conference Chairs would like to thank the session chairs and members of the Conference Program Committees, who offered their time to enlist the involvement of many researchers working in the field. We also express our indebtedness to all authors who contributed to the proceedings, and to the SPIE staff for their excellent cooperation and continuous support during the conference call, organization, and proceedings processes.

Arnold Burger

Larry Franks

Ralph B. James

Michael Fiederle

© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
} "Front Matter: Volume 9213", Proc. SPIE 9213, Hard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XVI, 921301 (10 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2085360; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2085360

Back to Top