2 October 2014 Corrections to MODIS Terra calibration and polarization trending derived from ocean color products
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Abstract
Remotely sensed ocean color products require highly accurate top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiances, on the order of 0.5% or better. Due to incidents both prelaunch and on-orbit, meeting this requirement has been a consistent problem for the MODIS instrument on the Terra satellite, especially in the later part of the mission. The NASA Ocean Biology Processing Group (OBPG) has developed an approach to correct the TOA radiances of MODIS Terra using spatially and temporally averaged ocean color products from other ocean color sensors (such as the SeaWiFS instrument on Orbview-2 or the MODIS instrument on the Aqua satellite). The latest results suggest that for MODIS Terra, both linear polarization parameters of the Mueller matrix are temporally evolving. A change to the functional form of the scan angle dependence improved the quality of the derived coefficients. Additionally, this paper demonstrates that simultaneously retrieving polarization and gain parameters improves the gain retrieval (versus retrieving the gain parameter only).
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Gerhard Meister, Robert E. Eplee, Bryan A. Franz, "Corrections to MODIS Terra calibration and polarization trending derived from ocean color products", Proc. SPIE 9218, Earth Observing Systems XIX, 92180V (2 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2062714; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2062714
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