2 October 2014 On-orbit performance of the Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager
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Abstract
The Landsat 8 satellite was launched on February 11, 2013, to systematically collect multispectral images for detection and quantitative analysis of changes on the Earth’s surface. The collected data are stored at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center and continue the longest archive of medium resolution Earth images. There are two imaging instruments onboard the satellite: the Operational Land Imager (OLI) and the Thermal InfraRed Sensor (TIRS). This paper summarizes radiometric performance of the OLI including the bias stability, the system noise, saturation and other artifacts observed in its data during the first 1.5 years on orbit. Detector noise levels remain low and Signal-To-Noise Ratio high, largely exceeding the requirements. Impulse noise and saturation are present in imagery, but have negligible effect on Landsat 8 products. Oversaturation happens occasionally, but the affected detectors quickly restore their nominal responsivity. Overall, the OLI performs very well on orbit and provides high quality products to the user community.
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Esad Micijevic, Kelly Vanderwerff, Pat Scaramuzza, Ron A. Morfitt, Julia A. Barsi, Raviv Levy, "On-orbit performance of the Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager", Proc. SPIE 9218, Earth Observing Systems XIX, 921816 (2 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2063338; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2063338
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