25 September 2014 Status of time-dependent response versus scan-angle (RVS) for Terra and Aqua MODIS reflective solar bands
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Abstract
The MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) has 20 reflective solar bands (RSB), which are calibrated using a solar diffuser (SD) and near-monthly scheduled lunar observations via a space view (SV) port. The sensor responses observed at two different angles of incidence (AOI) from the SD and lunar measurements are used to track the on-orbit RSB gain changes as well as the response versus scan-angle (RVS) changes. The MODIS RSB have experienced wavelength dependent degradation since launch with the larger degradation observed at the shorter wavelengths. In addition to the SD and lunar observations, the MODIS Characterization Support Team (MCST) regularly monitors the response trending at multiple AOI over selected desert sites. In Collection 6 (C6), a new algorithm using the EV measurements from pseudoinvariant desert sites was developed to better characterize the MODIS scan-angle dependence and it led to a significant improvement in the long-term calibration consistency of the MODIS Level 1B (L1B) products. This approach is formulated for all RSB, and its application was recently extended to Terra band 10, leading to a significant improvement in the ocean-color products. This paper discusses the current status and performance of the on-orbit RVS characterization as applied in C6. Also, the various challenges and future improvement strategies associated with trending the EV response for the high-gain ocean bands are discussed.
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Xu Geng, Amit Angal, Junqiang Sun, Hongda Chen, Aisheng Wu, Yonghong Li, Daniel Link, Xiaoxiong Xiong, "Status of time-dependent response versus scan-angle (RVS) for Terra and Aqua MODIS reflective solar bands", Proc. SPIE 9218, Earth Observing Systems XIX, 92181P (25 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2061098; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2061098
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