7 October 2014 Temperature-tuned erbium-doped fiber ring laser with Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on two quasi-abrupt tapered fiber sections
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We present a wavelength tuning of an Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser (EDFRL) based in a Mach-Zehnder fiber interferometer (MZFI) that consists on two tapers fabricated on commercial SMF28 from Corning as an intracavity filter. The MZFI spectral interference pattern is modified by external refractive index changes that alter the light transmission characteristics. In this work, the fiber device is immersed into a glycerol solution with higher dispersion in its refractive index in relation with temperature. Since the temperature sensitiveness of the glycerol is much higher than that of the fiber in a temperature range from 25-110 °C, therefore, the spectral changes are mainly due to the dispersion of glycerol refractive index when heat increases. Also, when this device is inserted into the EDFRL cavity, the gain spectrum of the EDF is modified accordingly and the changes, which can be controlled in an electrical heater, allow the tuning of the laser wavelength determined by the interference fringes. A wavelength shift as high as 180 pm/°C and a tunable range of 12 nm are obtained. The side mode suppression ratio (SMSR) of the fiber laser is around 25-30 dB depending on the notch filtering position. The insertion losses of the filter are below 0.3 dB and the measured wavelength shift has a quasilinear dependence as a function of temperature in the 80-110 °C. This method is very simple, portable and inexpensive over traditional methods to tune a fiber laser.
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R. Selvas-Aguilar, R. Selvas-Aguilar, A. Martínez-Rios, A. Martínez-Rios, G. Anzueto-Sánchez, G. Anzueto-Sánchez, A. Castillo-Guzmán, A. Castillo-Guzmán, M. C. Hernández-Luna, M. C. Hernández-Luna, R. Robledo-Fava, R. Robledo-Fava, "Temperature-tuned erbium-doped fiber ring laser with Mach-Zehnder interferometer based on two quasi-abrupt tapered fiber sections", Proc. SPIE 9220, Infrared Sensors, Devices, and Applications IV, 92200G (7 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2061110; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2061110

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