7 October 2014 Phase and amplitude wave front sensing and reconstruction with a modified plenoptic camera
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A plenoptic camera is a camera that can retrieve the direction and intensity distribution of light rays collected by the camera and allows for multiple reconstruction functions such as: refocusing at a different depth, and for 3D microscopy. Its principle is to add a micro-lens array to a traditional high-resolution camera to form a semi-camera array that preserves redundant intensity distributions of the light field and facilitates back-tracing of rays through geometric knowledge of its optical components. Though designed to process incoherent images, we found that the plenoptic camera shows high potential in solving coherent illumination cases such as sensing both the amplitude and phase information of a distorted laser beam. Based on our earlier introduction of a prototype modified plenoptic camera, we have developed the complete algorithm to reconstruct the wavefront of the incident light field. In this paper the algorithm and experimental results will be demonstrated, and an improved version of this modified plenoptic camera will be discussed. As a result, our modified plenoptic camera can serve as an advanced wavefront sensor compared with traditional Shack- Hartmann sensors in handling complicated cases such as coherent illumination in strong turbulence where interference and discontinuity of wavefronts is common. Especially in wave propagation through atmospheric turbulence, this camera should provide a much more precise description of the light field, which would guide systems in adaptive optics to make intelligent analysis and corrections.
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Chensheng Wu, Chensheng Wu, Jonathan Ko, Jonathan Ko, William Nelson, William Nelson, Christopher C. Davis, Christopher C. Davis, "Phase and amplitude wave front sensing and reconstruction with a modified plenoptic camera", Proc. SPIE 9224, Laser Communication and Propagation through the Atmosphere and Oceans III, 92240G (7 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2062948; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2062948

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