12 August 2014 Forest construction infrastructures for the prevision, suppression, and protection before and after forest fires
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Proceedings Volume 9229, Second International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2014); 92291C (2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2069663
Event: Second International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2014), 2014, Paphos, Cyprus
Abstract
Climatic changes cause temperature rise and thus increase the risk of forest fires. In Greece the forests with the greatest risk to fire are usually those located near residential and tourist areas where there are major pressures on land use changes, while there are no currently guaranteed cadastral maps and defined title deeds because of the lack of National and Forest Cadastre. In these areas the deliberate causes of forest fires are at a percentage more than 50%. This study focuses on the forest opening up model concerning both the prevention and suppression of forest fires. The most urgent interventions that can be done after the fire destructions is also studied in relation to soil protection constructions, in order to minimize the erosion and the torrential conditions. Digital orthophotos were used in order to produce and analyze spatial data using Geographical Information Systems (GIS). Initially, Digital Elevation Models were generated, based on photogrammetry and forest areas as well as the forest road network were mapped. Road density, road distance, skidding distance and the opening up percentage were accurately measured for a forest complex. Finally, conclusions and suggestions have been drawn about the environmental compatibility of forest protection and wood harvesting works. In particular the contribution of modern technologies such as digital photogrammetry, remote sensing and Geographical Information Systems is very important, allowing reliable, effective and fast process of spatial analysis contributing to a successful planning of opening up works and fire protection.
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Vasileios C. Drosos, Vasileios C. Drosos, Vasileios J. Giannoulas, Vasileios J. Giannoulas, Christodoulos Daoutis, Christodoulos Daoutis, } "Forest construction infrastructures for the prevision, suppression, and protection before and after forest fires", Proc. SPIE 9229, Second International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2014), 92291C (12 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2069663; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2069663
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