17 September 2014 Photoacoustic Doppler flowmetry of carbon particles flow using an autocorrelation method
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Proceedings Volume 9230, Twelfth International Conference on Photonics and Imaging in Biology and Medicine (PIBM 2014); 923014 (2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2069571
Event: Twelfth International Conference on Photonics and Imaging in Biology and Medicine (PIBM 2014), 2014, Wuhan, China
Abstract
In order to measure the axial flowing velocity of a suspension carbon particles of tens of micometer-scale, the photoacoustic doppler frequency shift was calculated from a series of individual A scans using a autocorrelation method. A 532nm pulsed laser with the repetition rate of 20Hz was used as a pumping source to generate photoacoustic signal. The photoacoustic signals were detected using a focused PZT ultrasound transducer with central frequency of 5MHz. The suspension of carbon particles was driven by a syringe pump. Firstly, the complex photoacoustic signal was calculated by the Hilbert transformation from time-domain photoacoustic signal. The complex photoacoustic signal was then autocorrelated to calculate doppler frequency shift. The flow velocity was calculated by averaging the autocorrelation results of individual A scans. In comparison , the previously reported data processing methods using cross-correlation method in time domain or frequency domain require high sequential scanning rate or high laser repetition rate up to several kHz to avoid aliasing or uncorrelation between sequential waveform pairs. But it is difficult to get several kHz repetition rate for a single pulsed laser and the correlation between waveform pairs of sequential A scans were also limited by the laser repetition rate. To solve the problem, we used the autocorrelation method of individual A scans to calculated Doppler frequency shift. The time delay can be user defined to avoid aliasing. The feasibility of the proposed autocorrelation method was preliminarily demonstrated by quantifying the motion of a carbon particles suspension flow from 5 to 60 mm/s. The experimental results showed that the autocorrelation result approximately agreed with the setting velocity linearly.
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Tao Lu, "Photoacoustic Doppler flowmetry of carbon particles flow using an autocorrelation method", Proc. SPIE 9230, Twelfth International Conference on Photonics and Imaging in Biology and Medicine (PIBM 2014), 923014 (17 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2069571; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2069571
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