16 September 2014 Intra-field CDU map correlation between SEMs and aerial image characterization
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Abstract
Reticle critical dimension uniformity (CDU) is one of the major sources of wafer CD variations which include both inter-field variations and intra-field variations. Generally, wafer critical dimension (CD) measurement sample size interfield is much less than intra-field. Intra-field CDU correction requires time-consumption of metrology. In order to improve wafer intra-field CDU, several methods can be applied such as intra-field dose correction to improve wafer intra-field CDU. Corrections can be based on CD(SEM) or aerial image metrology data from the reticle. Reticle CDU and wafer CDU maps are based on scanning electron microscope (SEM) metrology, while reticle inspection intensity mapping (NuFLare 6000) and wafer level critical dimension (WLCD) utilize aerial images or optical techniques. Reticle inspecton tools such as those from KLA and NuFlare, offer the ability to collect optical measurement data to produce an optical CDU map. WLCD of Zeiss has the advantage of using the same illumination condition as the scanner to measure the aerial images or optical CD. In this study, the intra-field wafer CDU map correlation between SEMs and aerial images are characterized. The layout of metrology structures is very important for the correlation between wafer intra-field CDU, measured by SEM, and the CDU determined by aerial images. The selection of metrology structures effects on the correlation to SEM CD to wafer is also demonstrated. Both reticle CDU, intensity CDU and WLCD are candidates for intra-field wafer CDU characterization and the advantages and limitations of each approach are discussed.
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Guoxiang Ning, Guoxiang Ning, Peter Philipp, Peter Philipp, Lloyd C. Litt, Lloyd C. Litt, Stefan Meusemann, Stefan Meusemann, Thomas Thaler, Thomas Thaler, Kristian Schulz, Kristian Schulz, Martin Tschinkl, Martin Tschinkl, Paul Ackmann, Paul Ackmann, "Intra-field CDU map correlation between SEMs and aerial image characterization", Proc. SPIE 9235, Photomask Technology 2014, 92350I (16 September 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2066173; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2066173
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