14 October 2014 Using of standard marine radar for determination of a water surface and an atmosphere near-surface layer parameters
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Abstract
At present time radar methods of the seas and oceans diagnostics are actively developing. Using of the radar stations based on satellites and planes allows to receive information on a sea surface and a atmosphere near-surface layer with coverage of big water surface areas independently of day time. The developed methods of satellite radio images processing can be applied to marine radar stations. In Institute of Applied Physics RAS works on sea surface diagnostics systems development on the basis of standard marine radar are actively conducted. Despite smaller coverage of the territory in comparison with satellite data, marine radar have possibility to record spatially temporary radar images and to receive information on a surrounding situation quickly. This work deals with results of the researches which were conducted within the international expedition in the Atlantic Ocean in the autumn of 2012 on a route Rotterdam (Netherlands) – Ushuaya (Argentina) – Antarctica — Ushuaya. During this expedition a complex measurements of a sea surface, a atmosphere near-surface layer parameters and subsurface currents in the wide range of hydroweather conditions, including the storm were carried out. The system developed in IAP RAS on the basis of a marine radar ICOM MR-1200RII and the ADC (Analog Digital Converter) block for data recording on the personal computer was used. Display of a non-uniform near-surface current on sea surface radar images in storm conditions is shown. By means of the high-speed anemometer and meteorological station the measurements of the atmosphere parameters were carried out. Comparison of the anemometer data with calculated from radar images is carried out. Dependence of radar cross section from wind speed in the wide range of wind speeds, including storm conditions is investigated. Possibility of marine radar using for surface waves intensity and ice situation estimates also as icebergs detection is shown.
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Nikolay A. Bogatov, Nikolay A. Bogatov, Victor V. Bakhanov, Victor V. Bakhanov, Aleksei V. Ermoshkin, Aleksei V. Ermoshkin, Vasily I. Kazakov, Vasily I. Kazakov, Olga N. Kemarskaya, Olga N. Kemarskaya, Victor I. Titov, Victor I. Titov, Yulia I. Troitskaya, Yulia I. Troitskaya, } "Using of standard marine radar for determination of a water surface and an atmosphere near-surface layer parameters", Proc. SPIE 9240, Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, Coastal Waters, and Large Water Regions 2014, 924013 (14 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2067403; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2067403
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