11 November 2014 Mission design for NISAR repeat-pass Interferometric SAR
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The proposed spaceborne NASA-ISRO SAR (NISAR) mission would use the repeat-pass interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) technique to measure the changing shape of Earth’s surface at the centimeter scale in support of investigations in solid Earth and cryospheric sciences. Repeat-pass InSAR relies on multiple SAR observations acquired from nearly identical positions of the spacecraft as seen from the ground. Consequently, there are tight constraints on the repeatability of the orbit, and given the narrow field of view of the radar antenna beam, on the repeatability of the beam pointing. The quality and accuracy of the InSAR data depend on highly precise control of both orbital position and observatory pointing throughout the science observation life of the mission. This paper describes preliminary NISAR requirements and rationale for orbit repeatability and attitude control in order to meet science requirements. A preliminary error budget allocation and an implementation approach to meet these allocations are also discussed.
© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Oscar Alvarez-Salazar, Oscar Alvarez-Salazar, Sara Hatch, Sara Hatch, Jennifer Rocca, Jennifer Rocca, Paul Rosen, Paul Rosen, Scott Shaffer, Scott Shaffer, Yuhsyen Shen, Yuhsyen Shen, Theodore Sweetser, Theodore Sweetser, Peter Xaypraseuth, Peter Xaypraseuth, } "Mission design for NISAR repeat-pass Interferometric SAR", Proc. SPIE 9241, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVIII, 92410C (11 November 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2074162; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2074162

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