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23 October 2014 Effects of band selection on endmember extraction for forestry applications
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In spectral unmixing theory, data reduction techniques play an important role as hyperspectral imagery contains an immense amount of data, posing many challenging problems such as data storage, computational efficiency, and the so called “curse of dimensionality”. Feature extraction and feature selection are the two main approaches for dimensionality reduction. Feature extraction techniques are used for reducing the dimensionality of the hyperspectral data by applying transforms on hyperspectral data. Feature selection techniques retain the physical meaning of the data by selecting a set of bands from the input hyperspectral dataset, which mainly contain the information needed for spectral unmixing. Although feature selection techniques are well-known for their dimensionality reduction potentials they are rarely used in the unmixing process. The majority of the existing state-of-the-art dimensionality reduction methods set criteria to the spectral information, which is derived by the whole wavelength, in order to define the optimum spectral subspace. These criteria are not associated with any particular application but with the data statistics, such as correlation and entropy values. However, each application is associated with specific land c over materials, whose spectral characteristics present variations in specific wavelengths. In forestry for example, many applications focus on tree leaves, in which specific pigments such as chlorophyll, xanthophyll, etc. determine the wavelengths where tree species, diseases, etc., can be detected. For such applications, when the unmixing process is applied, the tree species, diseases, etc., are considered as the endmembers of interest. This paper focuses on investigating the effects of band selection on the endmember extraction by exploiting the information of the vegetation absorbance spectral zones. More precisely, it is explored whether endmember extraction can be optimized when specific sets of initial bands related to leaf spectral characteristics are selected. Experiments comprise application of well-known signal subspace estimation and endmember extraction methods on a hyperspectral imagery that presents a forest area. Evaluation of the extracted endmembers showed that more forest species can be extracted as endmembers using selected bands.
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Vassilia Karathanassi, Charoula Andreou, Vassilis Andronis, and Polychronis Kolokoussis "Effects of band selection on endmember extraction for forestry applications", Proc. SPIE 9245, Earth Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing/GIS Applications V, 92451O (23 October 2014);

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