20 October 2014 Laser energy monitor for double-pulsed 2-μm IPDA lidar application
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Abstract
Integrated path differential absorption (IPDA) lidar is a remote sensing technique for monitoring different atmospheric species. The technique relies on wavelength differentiation between strong and weak absorbing features normalized to the transmitted energy. 2-μm double-pulsed IPDA lidar is best suited for atmospheric carbon dioxide measurements. In such case, the transmitter produces two successive laser pulses separated by short interval (200 μs), with low repetition rate (10Hz). Conventional laser energy monitors, based on thermal detectors, are suitable for low repetition rate single pulse lasers. Due to the short pulse interval in double-pulsed lasers, thermal energy monitors underestimate the total transmitted energy. This leads to measurement biases and errors in double-pulsed IPDA technique. The design and calibration of a 2-μm double-pulse laser energy monitor is presented. The design is based on a highspeed, extended range InGaAs pin quantum detectors suitable for separating the two pulse events. Pulse integration is applied for converting the detected pulse power into energy. Results are compared to a photo-electro-magnetic (PEM) detector for impulse response verification. Calibration included comparing the three detection technologies in singlepulsed mode, then comparing the pin and PEM detectors in double-pulsed mode. Energy monitor linearity will be addressed.
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Tamer F. Refaat, Mulugeta Petros, Ruben Remus, Jirong Yu, Upendra N. Singh, "Laser energy monitor for double-pulsed 2-μm IPDA lidar application", Proc. SPIE 9246, Lidar Technologies, Techniques, and Measurements for Atmospheric Remote Sensing X, 924606 (20 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2070998; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2070998
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