We have developed X-ray grazing incidence optics with a single mirror. Although t can be used to demonstrate and test on
the ground to verify the feasibility of X-ray detection system, it is unable to meet the requirements of X-ray pulsar
navigation due to small effective area and large mass. There is an urgent need to develop multilayer nested grazing
incidence optics, which consists of multilayer mirrors to form a coaxial and confocal system to maximize the use of space
and increase the effective area.
In this paper, aiming at the future demand of X-ray pulsar navigation, optimization and analysis of nested X-ray grazing
incidence optics was carried out, the recurrence relations between the layers of mirrors were derived, reasonable initial
structural parameters and stray light reduction method was given, and theoretical effective collection area was calculated.
The initial structure and stray light eliminating structure are designed. The optical-mechanical-thermal numerical model
was established using optical analysis software and finite element software for stray light analysis, focusing performance
analysis, tolerance analysis, and mechanical analysis, providing evidence and guidance for the processing and alignment of
nested X-ray grazing incidence optics.