3 February 2015 Laser assisted die bending: a new application of high power diode lasers
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Proceedings Volume 9255, XX International Symposium on High-Power Laser Systems and Applications 2014; 92553T (2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2071210
Event: XX International Symposium on High Power Laser Systems and Applications, 2014, Chengdu, China
Abstract
Nowadays high power lasers are mainly used for cutting of sheet metals, for welding, hardening and rapid prototyping. In the forming of sheet metals as bending or deep drawing lasers are not used. Nevertheless a few years ago a new application of high power lasers has been invented, where bending of materials that break at room temperature becomes possible by heating them along the bending edge with high power lasers thus allowing their treatment without cracks and rupture. For this purpose a large number of diode lasers are arranged in the bottom tool of a bending machine (a V-shaped die) which heat up the initially flat sheet metal during the bending process what is performed by pressing it into the die with a knife shaped upper tool where due to the laser heating the material is softened and thus cracks are avoided. For the technical realization of the new process of laser assisted die bending, modules equipped with numerous laser diodes and a total beam power of 2,5 kW are used. The light emitted by these modules enters a tool with a length of 15cm and is deflected towards the workpiece. By using ten of these modules with adjacent dies and by integrating those in a bending press a bending edge of sheet metals with a length of 1500mm can be realized. Such a bending press with laser assistance also needs energization with a power of practically 50kW, a respective water flow, a heat exchanger system and also a control for all functions of this system. Special measures have also been developed to avoid radiating of those tools that are not covered by a workpiece in the case of bending edges shorter than the full length of the bending tools whereas individual short circuiting of diode modules can be performed. Specific measures to ensure a safe operation without any harm to the operational person have been realized. Exploitation of the bending process has been carried out for titanium, where material thicknesses up to 3mm have been bent successfully.
© (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
D. Schuöcker, D. Schuöcker, T. Schumi, T. Schumi, O. Spitzer, O. Spitzer, F. Bammer, F. Bammer, G. Schuöcker, G. Schuöcker, G. Sperrer, G. Sperrer, } "Laser assisted die bending: a new application of high power diode lasers", Proc. SPIE 9255, XX International Symposium on High-Power Laser Systems and Applications 2014, 92553T (3 February 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2071210; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2071210
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