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8 November 2014 Comparison of Huanjing and Landsat satellite remote sensing of the spatial heterogeneity of Qinghai-Tibet alpine grassland
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Remote sensing is widely applied in the study of terrestrial primary production and the global carbon cycle. The researches on the spatial heterogeneity in images with different sensors and resolutions would improve the application of remote sensing. In this study two sites on alpine meadow grassland in Qinghai, China, which have distinct fractal vegetation cover, were used to test and analyze differences between Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and enhanced vegetation index (EVI) derived from the Huanjing (HJ) and Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) sensors. The results showed that: 1) NDVI estimated from HJ were smaller than the corresponding values from TM at the two sites whereas EVI were almost the same for the two sensors. 2) The overall variance represented by HJ data was consistently about half of that of Landsat TM although their nominal pixel size is approximately 30m for both sensors. The overall variance from EVI is greater than that from NDVI. The difference of the range between the two sensors is about 6 pixels at 30m resolution. The difference of the range in which there is not more corrective between two vegetation indices is about 1 pixel. 3) The sill decreased when pixel size increased from 30m to 1km, and then decreased very quickly when pixel size is changed to 250m from 30m or 90m but slowly when changed from 250m to 500m. HJ can capture this spatial heterogeneity to some extent and this study provides foundations for the use of the sensor for validation of net primary productivity estimates obtained from ecosystem process models.
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Junbang Wang and Wenyi Sun "Comparison of Huanjing and Landsat satellite remote sensing of the spatial heterogeneity of Qinghai-Tibet alpine grassland", Proc. SPIE 9260, Land Surface Remote Sensing II, 92603E (8 November 2014);

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