26 November 2014 Fast extraction of building DEMs in urban areas from ALOS PRISM images
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Digital elevation models (DEMs) of buildings in urban areas are becoming increasingly important for a large range of applications, whereas extracting building DEMs over a city is still a complicated and expensive task. In this paper, we present and evaluate two approaches for fast and handy extraction of building DEMs from ALOS PRISM stereo pairs. A Digital Surface Model (DSM) is firstly generated based on the stereo data. Approach 1 uses a digital terrain model (DTM) derived from topographic maps, and Approach 2 creates another DTM by removing buildings on the DSM through a filtering approach. Building DEMs are then acquired by subtracting the two sets of DTMs from the DSM, respectively. The results received with the two approaches are promising. A mean absolute error of 7.07 m and 7.37 m respectively is achieved. Approach 1 has better accuracy in areas with high-density buildings, while Approach 2 has better one in areas with low-density buildings. Combination of the two approaches would be a useful tool for extraction of building DEMs over a city.
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Xunfeng Yang, Xunfeng Yang, Zhou Lin, Zhou Lin, Hongying Liang, Hongying Liang, } "Fast extraction of building DEMs in urban areas from ALOS PRISM images", Proc. SPIE 9263, Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Remote Sensing Technology, Techniques and Applications V, 92632X (26 November 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2070824; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2070824

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