19 November 2014 VIIRS reflective solar bands on-orbit calibration and performance: a three-year update
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Abstract
The on-orbit calibration of the reflective solar bands (RSBs) of VIIRS and the result from the analysis of the up-to-date 3 years of mission data are presented. The VIIRS solar diffuser (SD) and lunar calibration methodology are discussed, and the calibration coefficients, called F-factors, for the RSBs are given for the latest reincarnation. The coefficients derived from the two calibrations are compared and the uncertainties of the calibrations are discussed. Numerous improvements are made, with the major improvement to the calibration result come mainly from the improved bidirectional reflectance factor (BRF) of the SD and the vignetting functions of both the SD screen and the sun-view screen. The very clean results, devoid of many previously known noises and artifacts, assures that VIIRS has performed well for the three years on orbit since launch, and in particular that the solar diffuser stability monitor (SDSM) is functioning essentially without flaws. The SD degradation, or H-factors, for most part shows the expected decline except for the surprising rise on day 830 lasting for 75 days signaling a new degradation phenomenon. Nevertheless the SDSM and the calibration methodology have successfully captured the SD degradation for RSB calibration. The overall improvement has the most significant and direct impact on the ocean color products which demands high accuracy from RSB observations.
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Junqiang Sun, Junqiang Sun, Menghua Wang, Menghua Wang, } "VIIRS reflective solar bands on-orbit calibration and performance: a three-year update", Proc. SPIE 9264, Earth Observing Missions and Sensors: Development, Implementation, and Characterization III, 92640L (19 November 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2068964; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2068964
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