Dynamic range and response linearity are two key parameters for impacting the quality of remote sensing image and subsequently the quantitative applications. Due to the space radiation and the degrading of electronic devices, the inflight dynamic range and response linearity of remote sensing payload are subject to change, and is essential to be assessed. Therefore, in this paper, with the aid of the permanent artificial target located in the AOE Baotou site in China, the two parameters for pan-chromatic camera (Pan) and the multi-spectral camera (Band 1-4) onboard GF-1 satellite are assessed with an extrapolation method using the in situ measurements and corresponding images acquired on November 4, 2013. The results show that the low point of the dynamic range for Pan band, Band 1, Band2, Band3 and Band4 is -24.08 W•sr-1m-2μm-1, -52.22 W•sr-1m-2μm-1, -35.20 W•sr-1m-2μm-1, -31.92 W•sr-1m-2μm-1, -24.07 W•sr-1m-2μm- 1 respectively; while the corresponding high point is 271.77 W•sr-1m-2μm-1, 401.58 W•sr-1m-2μm-1, 287.46 W•sr-1m- 2μm-1, 237.33W•sr-1m-2μm-1, 307.49W•sr-1m-2μm-1, respectively; meanwhile, it is demonstrated that all the sensors have a response linearity error of lower than 1%. Moreover, an analysis for this assessment is performed in terms of the uncertainties for surface reflectance measurement (1%), aerosol optical depth (10%), column water vapor (10%), MODTRAN model (1%) and solar irradiance (1%) using a simulation method with the aid of MODTRAN 4.0 model, and a total uncertainty of 2.12% is acquired.