Laser assisted machining technology can heat and soften metals, which can be used for improving the machinability of superalloys such as Ti6Al4V and Inconel718. Researches on temperature field simulation of Ti6Al4V and Inconel718 are conducted in this paper. A thermal differential equation is established based on Fourier’s law and energy conservation law. Then, a model using ABAQUS for simulating heat transfer process is brought out, which is then experimentally validated. Using the simulation model, detailed investigations on temperature field simulation are carried out in Ti6Al4V and Inconel718. According to simulation, surface temperature of the two superalloys eventually reaches their peak values, and the peak temperature of Ti6Al4V is much higher than that of Inconel718. To further investigate temperature heated by laser, laser parameters such as power, scanning velocity, laser spot radius and inclination angle are set to be variables separately for simulation. Simulation results show that laser power and laser spot radius are predominant factors in heating process compared with the influence of scanning velocity and inclination angle. Simulations in this paper provide valuable references for parameter optimization in the following laser heating experiments, which plays an important role in laser assisted machining.