In order to verify the validity of the regional reference grating method in solve the strain/temperature cross sensitive problem in the actual ship structural health monitoring system, and to meet the requirements of engineering, for the sensitivity coefficients of regional reference grating method, national standard measurement equipment is used to calibrate the temperature sensitivity coefficient of selected FBG temperature sensor and strain sensitivity coefficient of FBG strain sensor in this modal. And the thermal expansion sensitivity coefficient of the steel for ships is calibrated with water bath method. The calibration results show that the temperature sensitivity coefficient of FBG temperature sensor is 28.16pm/°C within -10~30°C, and its linearity is greater than 0.999, the strain sensitivity coefficient of FBG strain sensor is 1.32pm/με within -2900~2900με whose linearity is almost to 1, the thermal expansion sensitivity coefficient of the steel for ships is 23.438pm/°C within 30~90°C, and its linearity is greater than 0.998. Finally, the calibration parameters are used in the actual ship structure health monitoring system for temperature compensation. The results show that the effect of temperature compensation is good, and the calibration parameters meet the engineering requirements, which provide an important reference for fiber Bragg grating sensor is widely used in engineering.