18 November 2014 Assessing the capabilities of hyperspectral remote sensing to map oil films on waters
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Abstract
The harm of oil spills has caused extensive public concern. Remote sensing technology has become one of the most effective means of monitoring oil spill. However, how to evaluate the information extraction capabilities of various sensors and choose the most effective one has become an important issue. The current evaluation of sensors to detect oil films was mainly using in-situ measured spectra as a reference to determine the favorable band, but ignoring the effects of environmental noise and spectral response function. To understand the precision and accuracy of environment variables acquired from remote sensing, it is important to evaluate the target detection sensitivity of the entire sensor-air-target system corresponding to the change of reflectivity. The measurement data associated with the evaluation is environmental noise equivalent reflectance difference (NEΔRE ), which depends on the instrument signal to noise ratio(SNR) and other image data noise (such as atmospheric variables, scattered sky light scattering and direct sunlight, etc.). Hyperion remote sensing data is taken as an example for evaluation of its oil spill detection capabilities with the prerequisite that the impact of the spatial resolution is ignored. In order to evaluate the sensor’s sensitivity of the film of water, the reflectance spectral data of light diesel and crude oil film were used. To obtain Hyperion reflectance data, we used FLAASH to do the atmospheric correction. The spectral response functions of Hyperion sensor was used for filtering the measured reflectance of the oil films to the theoretic spectral response. Then, these spectral response spectra were normalized to NEΔRE, according to which, the sensitivity of the sensor in oil film detecting could be evaluated. For crude oil, the range for Hyperion sensor to identify the film is within the wavelength from 518nm to 610nm (Band 17 to Band 26 of Hyperion sensors), within which the thin film and thick film can also be distinguished. For light diesel oil film, the range for Hyperion sensor to identify the film is within the wavelength from 468nm to 752nm (Band 12 to Band 40 of Hyperion sensors).
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Bingxin Liu, Ying Li, Xueyuan Zhu, "Assessing the capabilities of hyperspectral remote sensing to map oil films on waters", Proc. SPIE 9299, International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2014: Optical Remote Sensing Technology and Applications, 929902 (18 November 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2066293; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2066293
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