18 November 2014 Observations of atmospheric trace gases by MAX-DOAS in the coastal boundary layer over Jiaozhou Bay
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Abstract
Atmospheric trace gases exist in the atmosphere of the earth rarely. But the atmospheric trace gases play an important role in the global atmospheric environment and ecological balance by participating in the global atmospheric cycle. And many environmental problems are caused by the atmospheric trace gases such as photochemical smog, acid rain, greenhouse effect, ozone depletion, etc. So observations of atmospheric trace gases become very important. Multi Axis Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) developed recently is a kind of promising passive remote sensing technology which can utilize scattered sunlight received from multiple viewing directions to derive vertical column density of lower tropospheric trace gases like ozone, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. It has advantages of simple structure, stable running, passive remote sensing and real-time online monitoring automatically. A MAX-DOAS has been developed at Shandong Academy of Sciences Institute of Oceanographic Instrumentation (SDIOI) for remote measurements of lower tropospheric trace gases (NO2, SO2, and O3). In this paper, we mainly introduce the stucture of the instrument, calibration and results. Detailed performance analysis and calibration of the instrument were made at Qingdao. We present the results of NO2, SO2 and O3 vertical column density measured in the coastal boundary layer over Jiaozhou Bay. The diurnal variation and the daily average value comparison of vertical column density during a long-trem observation are presented. The vertical column density of NO2 and SO2 measured during Qingdao oil pipeline explosion on November 22, 2013 by MAX-DOAS is also presented. The vertical column density of NO2 reached to a high value after the explosion. Finally, the following job and the outlook for future possible improvements are given. Experimental calibration and results show that the developed MAX-DOAS system is reliable and credible.
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Xianxin Li, Zhangjun Wang, Xiangqian Meng, Haijin Zhou, Libin Du, Junle Qu, Chao Chen, Quan An, Chengxuan Wu, Xiufen Wang, "Observations of atmospheric trace gases by MAX-DOAS in the coastal boundary layer over Jiaozhou Bay", Proc. SPIE 9299, International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2014: Optical Remote Sensing Technology and Applications, 92990L (18 November 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2071622; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2071622
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