24 November 2014 A novel iris patterns matching algorithm of weighted polar frequency correlation
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Proceedings Volume 9301, International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2014: Image Processing and Pattern Recognition; 93012L (2014) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2072856
Event: International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2014, 2014, Beijing, China
Abstract
Iris recognition is recognized as one of the most accurate techniques for biometric authentication. In this paper, we present a novel correlation method - Weighted Polar Frequency Correlation(WPFC) - to match and evaluate two iris images, actually it can also be used for evaluating the similarity of any two images. The WPFC method is a novel matching and evaluating method for iris image matching, which is complete different from the conventional methods. For instance, the classical John Daugman’s method of iris recognition uses 2D Gabor wavelets to extract features of iris image into a compact bit stream, and then matching two bit streams with hamming distance. Our new method is based on the correlation in the polar coordinate system in frequency domain with regulated weights. The new method is motivated by the observation that the pattern of iris that contains far more information for recognition is fine structure at high frequency other than the gross shapes of iris images. Therefore, we transform iris images into frequency domain and set different weights to frequencies. Then calculate the correlation of two iris images in frequency domain. We evaluate the iris images by summing the discrete correlation values with regulated weights, comparing the value with preset threshold to tell whether these two iris images are captured from the same person or not. Experiments are carried out on both CASIA database and self-obtained images. The results show that our method is functional and reliable. Our method provides a new prospect for iris recognition system.
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Weijie Zhao, Linhua Jiang, "A novel iris patterns matching algorithm of weighted polar frequency correlation", Proc. SPIE 9301, International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2014: Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, 93012L (24 November 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2072856; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2072856
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