4 March 2015 Study of ultrasonic sensor that is effective for all direction using an electromagnetic force
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Proceedings Volume 9302, International Conference on Experimental Mechanics 2014; 93022U (2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2077337
Event: International Conference on Experimental Mechanics 2014, 2014, Singapore, Singapore
Abstract
Non-destructive inspection using ultrasonic sensors is widely utilized to guarantee the safety of large structures. However, there is the problem that it will take a very long time to complete. Therefore, it was decided to develop a sensor capable of testing a wide range of structures at a high inspection speed. The ultrasonic wave that the ultrasonic sensor can generate must be equally emitted in any direction and the ultrasonic wave returned from any direction be detected. To attain this objective, an electromagnetic acoustic transducer (EMAT) consisting of a circular-shaped magnet and an electric induction coil (EM) has been developed, because it is impossible to fabricate such a special ultrasonic sensor using a commercial-type ultrasonic sensor with a piezoelectric element, and it is convenient to automatically scan over the surface of the structure. First, the detail specifications of the new ultrasonic sensor have been determined by changing many of the parameters, for example, the impedance and the size of the EM coil, the size of the magnet, etc. The performance of the new sensor was then tested under different conditions. Based on the results of the experimental tests, it was demonstrated that the new sensor could generate ultrasonic waves in any direction and detect them from any direction. However, the performance was not high enough to apply the new sensor to a real structure. The new sensor has been improved to increase the performance by adding a new concept.
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Kazuki Iwaya, Riichi Murayama, Takahiro Hirayama, "Study of ultrasonic sensor that is effective for all direction using an electromagnetic force", Proc. SPIE 9302, International Conference on Experimental Mechanics 2014, 93022U (4 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2077337; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2077337
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