5 March 2015 From astronomy and telecommunications to biomedicine
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Abstract
Photonics is an inherently interdisciplinary endeavor, as technologies and techniques invented or developed in one scientific field are often found to be applicable to other fields or disciplines. We present two case studies in which optical spectroscopy technologies originating from stellar astrophysics and optical telecommunications multiplexing have been successfully adapted for biomedical applications. The first case involves a design concept called the High Throughput Virtual Slit, or HTVS, which provides high spectral resolution without the throughput inefficiency typically associated with a narrow spectrometer slit. HTVS-enhanced spectrometers have been found to significantly improve the sensitivity and speed of fiber-fed Raman analysis systems, and the method is now being adapted for hyperspectral imaging for medical and biological sensing. The second example of technology transfer into biomedicine centers on integrated optics, in which optical waveguides are fabricated on to silicon substrates in a substantially similar fashion as integrated circuits in computer chips. We describe an architecture referred to as OCTANE which implements a small and robust "spectrometer-on-a-chip” which is optimized for optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCTANE-based OCT systems deliver three-dimensional imaging resolution at the micron scale with greater stability and lower cost than equivalent conventional OCT approaches. Both HTVS and OCTANE enable higher precision and improved reliability under environmental conditions that are typically found in a clinical or laboratory setting.
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Bradford B. Behr, Scott A. Baker, Yusuf Bismilla, Andrew T. Cenko, Brandon DesRoches, Arsen R. Hajian, Jeffrey T. Meade, Arthur Nitkowski, Kyle J. Preston, Bradley S. Schmidt, Nicolás Sherwood-Droz, Jared Slaa, "From astronomy and telecommunications to biomedicine", Proc. SPIE 9315, Design and Quality for Biomedical Technologies VIII, 93150N (5 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2084521; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2084521
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