11 March 2015 Nonnegative constraint analysis of key fluorophores within human breast cancer using native fluorescence spectroscopy excited by selective wavelength of 300 nm
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Abstract
Native fluorescence spectroscopy offers an important role in cancer discrimination. It is widely acknowledged that the emission spectrum of tissue is a superposition of spectra of various salient fluorophores. In this study, the native fluorescence spectra of human cancerous and normal breast tissues excited by selected wavelength of 300 nm are used to investigate the key building block fluorophores: tryptophan and reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). The basis spectra of these key fluorophores' contribution to the tissue emission spectra are obtained by nonnegative constraint analysis. The emission spectra of human cancerous and normal tissue samples are projected onto the fluorophore spectral subspace. Since previous studies indicate that tryptophan and NADH are key fluorophores related with tumor evolution, it is essential to obtain their information from tissue fluorescence but discard the redundancy. To evaluate the efficacy of for cancer detection, linear discriminant analysis (LDA) classifier is used to evaluate the sensitivity, and specificity. This research demonstrates that the native fluorescence spectroscopy measurements are effective to detect changes of fluorophores' compositions in tissues due to the development of cancer.
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Yang Pu, Laura A. Sordillo, Robert R. Alfano, "Nonnegative constraint analysis of key fluorophores within human breast cancer using native fluorescence spectroscopy excited by selective wavelength of 300 nm", Proc. SPIE 9318, Optical Biopsy XIII: Toward Real-Time Spectroscopic Imaging and Diagnosis, 93180V (11 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2076102; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2076102
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