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12 March 2015 Laser-induced vapor nanobubbles for efficient delivery of macromolecules in live cells
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Macromolecular agents such as nucleic acids and proteins need to be delivered into living cells for therapeutic purposes. Among physical methods to deliver macromolecules across the cell membrane, laser-induced photoporation using plasmonic nanoparticles is a method that is receiving increasing attention in recent years. By irradiating gold nanoparticles bound to the cell membrane with laser light, nanosized membrane pores can be created. Pores are formed by localized heating or by vapour nanobubbles (VNBs) depending on the incident laser energy. Macromolecules in the surrounding cell medium can then diffuse through the transiently formed pores into the cytoplasm. While both heating and VNBs have been reported before for permeabilization of the cell membrane, it remains unclear which of both methods is more efficient in terms of cell loading with minimal cytotoxicity. In this study we report that under condition of a single 7 ns laser pulse VNBs are substantially more efficient for the cytosolic delivery of macromolecules. We conclude that VNB formation is an interesting photoporation mechanism for fast and efficient macromolecular delivery in live cells.
© (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ranhua Xiong, Koen Raemdonck, Karen Peynshaert, Ine Lentacker, Ine De Cock, Jo Demeester, Stefaan C. De Smedt, Andre G. Skirtach, and Kevin Braeckmans "Laser-induced vapor nanobubbles for efficient delivery of macromolecules in live cells", Proc. SPIE 9338, Colloidal Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications X, 93381J (12 March 2015);

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