4 March 2015 Polarizing 50μm core Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber
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Abstract
Polarizing optical fibers are important components for building compact fiber lasers with linearly polarized laser output. Conventional single-mode optical fibers with birefringence can only preserve the polarization when the incident beam is launched properly. Recent reports demonstrate that the birefringence in photonic bandgap fibers (PBFs) can provide single-polarization operation near the edge of transmission band by shifting the transmission band for the light with orthogonal polarizations. Here, we demonstrate a 50μm core Yb-doped polarizing photonic bandgap fiber (PBF) for single-polarization operation throughout the entire transmission band from 1010nm to 1170nm with a polarization extinction ratio (PER) of >5dB/m, which is >15dB/m near the short wavelength edge of the transmission band. The polarizing effect is due to the differential polarization transmission loss presented in this fiber, which is benefited from the fiber birefringence of 3.2x10-4, obtained by incorporating low-index boron-doped rods on either side of the core. The achievement is based on the fact that light at fast axis has lower effective mode index which is closer to the modes in the photonic cladding and thus to be easily coupled into cladding. A 2.6m long straight fiber was tested in a laser configuration without any polarizers to achieve single polarized laser output with a PER value of 21dB at 1026nm lasing wavelength.
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Fanting Kong, Fanting Kong, Guancheng Gu, Guancheng Gu, Thomas W. Hawkins, Thomas W. Hawkins, Joshua Parsons, Joshua Parsons, Maxwell Jones, Maxwell Jones, Christopher Dunn, Christopher Dunn, Monica T. Kalichevsky-Dong, Monica T. Kalichevsky-Dong, Benjamin Pulford, Benjamin Pulford, Iyad Dajani, Iyad Dajani, Kunimasa Saitoh, Kunimasa Saitoh, Stephen P. Palese, Stephen P. Palese, Eric Cheung, Eric Cheung, Liang Dong, Liang Dong, } "Polarizing 50μm core Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber", Proc. SPIE 9344, Fiber Lasers XII: Technology, Systems, and Applications, 934403 (4 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2076605; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2076605
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