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4 March 2015 Carrier-envelope-offset frequency detection of an ultrafast VECSEL
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Abstract
Ultrafast VECSELs with high peak power are of great interest for gigahertz frequency combs, as they provide a high power per comb-line and large comb-tooth spacing. However, the detection and stabilization of the carrier-envelope-offset frequency (fCEO) using an f-to-2f detection scheme, crucial for most frequency comb applications, requires short pulse durations around 100 fs combined with kilowatt peak power to generate a coherent octave-spanning supercontinuum. We present the detection of the fCEO beat notes from an ultrafast semiconductor laser. The laser is a SESAM-modelocked VECSEL which generates 231-fs pulses in 100-mW average output power at a repetition rate of 1.75 GHz and a wavelength of 1040 nm. As the performance of the oscillator is not sufficient for direct fCEO detection the pulses were amplified in an Yb-doped fiber amplifier and subsequently broadened by self-phase modulation in a large mode area fiber. The amplified pulses were compressed to a pulse duration of 85 fs at 2.2 W of average output power and launched into a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber. A coherent octave-spanning supercontinuum covering 680 nm to 1360 nm was generated, which supported for the first time fCEO detection from a femtosecond VECSEL in a standard f-to-2f interferometer.
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M. Mangold, C. A. Zaugg, Alexander Klenner, A. S. Mayer, S. M. Link, F. Emaury, M. Golling, Emilio Gini, C. J. Saraceno, B. W. Tilma, and U. Keller "Carrier-envelope-offset frequency detection of an ultrafast VECSEL", Proc. SPIE 9349, Vertical External Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VECSELs) V, 93490F (4 March 2015); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2078140
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