12 March 2015 Manufacturing of advanced Li(NiMnCo)O2 electrodes for lithium-ion batteries
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Abstract
Lithium-ion batteries require an increase in cell life-time as well as an improvement in cycle stability in order to be used as energy storage systems, e.g. for stationary devices or electric vehicles. Nowadays, several cathode materials such as Li(NiMnCo)O2 (NMC) are under intense investigation to enhanced cell cycling behavior by simultaneously providing reasonable costs. Previous studies have shown that processing of three-dimensional (3D) micro-features in electrodes using nanosecond laser radiation further increases the active surface area and therefore, the lithium-ion diffusion cell kinetics. Within this study, NMC cathodes were prepared by tape-casting and laser-structured using nanosecond laser radiation. Furthermore, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was used in a first experimental attempt to analyze the lithium distribution in unstructured NMC cathodes at different state-of-charges (SOC). LIBS will be applied to laser-structured cathodes in order to investigate the lithium distribution at different SOC. The results will be compared to those obtained for unstructured electrodes to examine advantages of 3D micro-structures with respect to lithium-ion diffusion kinetics.
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P. Smyrek, J. Pröll, J.-H. Rakebrandt, H. J. Seifert, Wilhelm Pfleging, "Manufacturing of advanced Li(NiMnCo)O2 electrodes for lithium-ion batteries", Proc. SPIE 9351, Laser-based Micro- and Nanoprocessing IX, 93511D (12 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2078160; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2078160
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