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7 May 2015 Front Matter: Volume 9362
This PDF file contains the front matter associated with SPIE Proceedings Volume 9362, including the Title Page, Copyright information, Table of Contents, Introduction, Authors, and Conference Committee listing.

The papers included in this volume were part of the technical conference cited on the cover and title page. Papers were selected and subject to review by the editors and conference program committee. Some conference presentations may not be available for publication. The papers published in these proceedings reflect the work and thoughts of the authors and are published herein as submitted. The publisher is not responsible for the validity of the information or for any outcomes resulting from reliance thereon.

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Author(s), ‘Title of Paper,” in Terahertz, RF, Millimeter, and Submillimeter-Wave Technology and Applications VIII, edited by Laurence P. Sadwick, Tianxin Yang, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9362 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2015) Article CID Number.

ISSN: 0277-786X ISBN: 9781628414523

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  • The last two digits indicate publication order within the volume using a Base 36 numbering system employing both numerals and letters. These two-number sets start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B…0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc.

The CID Number appears on each page of the manuscript. The complete citation is used on the first page, and an abbreviated version on subsequent pages.


Numbers in the index correspond to the last two digits of the six-digit citation identifier (CID) article numbering system used in Proceedings of SPIE. The first four digits reflect the volume number. Base 36 numbering is employed for the last two digits and indicates the order of articles within the volume. Numbers start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B…0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc.

Abraham, Emmanuel, 09

Ade, P., 0N

Akahane, K., 0T

Alavi, Karim, OD

Almqvist, Susanne, 0Z

Andersson, Jan Y., 0Z

Baccichet, N., 0N

Bajwa, Neha, 0C

Beling, Andreas, 0X

Bhatia, Amit, 13

Boubanga Tombet, S., 0F

Bracken, C., 0N

Brown, Elliott R., 07

Cahyadi, Harsono, 09

Cai, Chun, 19

Campbell, Joe C., 0X

Chembo, Yanne K., 0S

Chen, Han, 19

Chen, Ray T., 0O, 0P, 14

Choi, Young-Wan, 12

Chung, Chi-jui, 0O, 0P

Coquillat, D., 0F

Danylov, Andriy A., 0U

Dash, Jyotirmayee, 0G, 11

Degert, Jérôme, 09

Deng, Sophie, 0C

Devi, Nirmala, 11

Diallo, Souleymane, 0S

Dohlen, K., 0N

Donohoe, A., 0N

Doradla, Pallavi, OD

Ducournau, G., 0F

Erickson, Neal, 0U

Fedderwitz, Sascha, 0X

Foster, Mark A., 13

Freysz, Eric, 09

Garritano, James, 0C

Ge, Chunfeng, 0J, 1A

Giles, Robert H., OD

Grundfest, Warren S., 0C

Guisseau, A., 0N

Guo, L. Jay, 14

Han, Sang-Pil, 0V

Harris, Brent J., 15

Holland, W., 0N

Honma, Michinori, 0K

Hosseini, Amir, 0O

Hubschman, Jean-Pierre, 0C

Ichikawa, Ryuji, 09

Ito, H., 0F

Ito, Ryota, 0K

Jen, Alex K.-Y., 0O

Jen, Chih-Yu, 0R

Jia, Dongfang, 03, 0J, 1A

Jones, M., 0N

Joseph, Cecil S., OD

Juanola-Parramon, R., 0N

Junique, Stephane, 0Z

Kanno, A., 0T

Kawanishi, T., 0T

Kawasaki, T., 0F

Kim, Kwang-Jin, 12

Kim, Namje, 0V

Knap, W., 0F

Ko, Hyunsung, 0V

Kozlov, Vladimir G., 0I

Lebedev, Sergey P., 0I

Lee, Charles Y.-C., 0O

Lee, Eui Su, 0V

Lee, Il-Min, 0V

Lee, Won-Hui, 0V

Li, Kejia, 0X

Li, Qiaochu, 14

Li, Qinglong, 0X

Li, Ye, 12

Light, Alexander R., 0U

Lightfoot, J., 0N

Lin, Guoping, 0S

Liu, Tonghui, 03

Liu, Ying, 03

Luo, Jingdong, 0O

Martin, Matthieu, 07

Martinenghi, Romain, 0S

Matsuyama, Ken, 04

McMillan, A., 0N

Mcnee, Ian, 0I

Meziani, Y. M., 0F

Minamide, H., 0F

Moon, Kiwon, 0V

Muckle, Matt T., 15

Murphy, A., 0N

Neill, Justin L., 15

Nelson, Robert L., 0O

Noharet, Bertrand, 0Z

Nose, Tohsiaki, 0K

O'Sullivan, C., 0N

Otsuji, T., 0F

Pan, Zeyu, 0O, 0P, 14

Panday, Ashwin, 14

Park, Chang-In, 12

Park, Kyung Hyun, 0V

Pascale, E., 0N

Pate, Brooks H., 15

Pesala, Bala, 0G, 11

Platt, Duncan, 0Z

Popov, V. V., 0F

Pulliam, Robin L., 15

Qian, Xifeng, 0U

Qiu, Changren, 1A

Ray, Shaumik, 0G, 11

Reynolds, Roger, 15

Richter, Christiaan, 0R

Rouvalis, Efthymios, 0X

Saleh, Khaldoun, 0S

Salter, Michael, 0Z

Sasmal, Saptarshi, 11

Satou, A., 0F

Savini, G., 0N

Sefler, George A., 0M

Shaw, T., Justin, 0M

Shimizu, Naofumi, 04

Smith, Stephen L., 0M

Son, Byung-Hee, 12

Spektor, Igor E., 0I

Spencer, L., 0N

Steffan, Andreas G., 0X

Subbaraman, Harish, 0O, 0P, 14

Suemitsu, T., 0F

Sun, Mingming, 19

Sun, Xiaohan, 19

Sun, Xueming, 19

Sung, Shijun, 0C

Takahashi, Takuya, 0K

Taylor, Zachary D., 0C

Tekavec, Patrick F., 0I

Ting, Hong-Fu, 13

Tulsyan, Gaurav, 0R

Uchida, Hidetake, 04

Umezawa, T., 0T

Valley, George C., 0M

Waldman, Jerry, 0U

Walker, D. D., 0N

Walker, I., 0N

Wang, Qin, 0Z

Wang, Shiyi, 0O, 0P

Wang, Tianhe, 0J

Wang, Zhaoying, 03, 0J, 1A

Watanabe, T., 0F

Xia, Mingyu, 19

Xie, Xiaojun, 0X

Xu, Xiaochuan, 14

Yamamoto, N., 0T

Yan, Hai, 0O, 0P

Yang, Tianxin, 03, 0J, 1A

Yang, Zhanyu, 0X

Yasui, Takeshi, 09

Zhan, Qiwen, 0O, 0P

Zhang, Andy Zhenzhong, 0Z

Zhang, Cheng, 14

Zhang, Xingyu, 0O, 0P, 14

Zhang, Yuchen, 0J

Zou, Yi, 14

Conference Committee

Symposium Chairs

  • David L. Andrews, University of East Anglia (United Kingdom)

  • Alexei L. Glebov, OptiGrate Corporation (United States)

Symposium Co-chairs

  • Jean-Emmanuel Broquin, IMEP-LAHC (France)

  • Shibin Jiang, AdValue Photonics, Inc. (United States)

Program Track Chair

  • James G. Grote, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

Conference Chairs

  • Laurence P. Sadwick, InnoSys, Inc. (United States)

  • Tianxin Yang, Tianjin University (China)

Conference Program Committee

  • Jianji Dong, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (China) Robert H. Giles, University of Massachusetts Lowell (United States)

  • R. Jennifer Hwu, InnoSys, Inc. (United States)

  • J. Anthony Murphy, National University of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)

  • Créidhe O'Sullivan, National University of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)

  • Kyung Hyun Park, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)

  • Zachary D. Taylor, University of California, Los Angeles (United States)

  • Michael C. Wanke, Sandia National Laboratories (United States)

  • Jiangfeng Zhou, University of South Florida (United States)

Session Chairs

  • 1 Terahertz I

    • Laurence P. Sadwick, InnoSys, Inc. (United States)

    • Tianxin Yang, Tianjin University (China)

  • 2 Terahertz II

    • Tianxin Yang, Tianjin University (China)

    • J. Anthony Murphy, National University of Ireland, Maynooth (Ireland)

  • 3 Terahertz III

    • Tianxin Yang, Tianjin University (China)

    • Laurence P. Sadwick, InnoSys, Inc. (United States)

  • 4 New Developments in THz, RF, Millimeter-waves, and Sub-Millimeter-waves I

    • Laurence P. Sadwick, InnoSys, Inc. (United States)

    • R. Jennifer Hwu, InnoSys, Inc. (United States)

  • 5 New Developments in THz, RF, Millimeter-waves, and Sub-Millimeter-waves II

    • Jiangfeng Zhou, University of South Florida (United States)

    • Jianji Dong, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (China)

  • 6 New Developments in THz, RF, Millimeter-waves, and Sub-Millimeter-waves III

    • Jianji Dong, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (China)

    • Laurence P. Sadwick, InnoSys, Inc. (United States)

  • 7 New Developments in THz, RF, Millimeter-waves, and Sub-Millimeter-waves IV

    • Laurence P. Sadwick, InnoSys, Inc. (United States)

    • Tianxin Yang, Tianjin University (China)

  • 8 New Developments in THz, RF, Millimeter-waves, and Sub-Millimeter-waves V

    • Kyung Hyun Park, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)

    • Tianxin Yang, Tianjin University (China)

  • 9 New Developments in THz, RF, Millimeter-waves, and Sub-Millimeter-waves VI

    • Kyung Hyun Park, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)

    • Laurence P. Sadwick, InnoSys, Inc. (United States)


The 2015 Terahertz, RF, Millimeter, and Submillimeter-Wave Technology and Applications VIII conference was divided into 11 sessions reflecting specific categories as follows: Session 1, Terahertz I; Session 2, Terahertz II; Session 3, Terahertz III; Session 4, New Developments in THz, RF, Millimeter-waves, and Sub-Milimeter Waves I; Session 5, New Developments in THz, RF, Millimeter-waves, and Sub-Millimeter-waves II; Session 6, New Developments in THz, RF, Millimeter-waves, and Sub-Millimeter-waves III; Session 7, New Developments in THz, RF, Millimeter-waves, and Sub-Millimeter-waves IV; Session 8, New Developments in THz, RF, Millimeter-waves, and Sub-Millimeter-waves V; Session 9, New Developments in THz, RF, Millimeter-waves, and Sub-Millimeter-waves VI; and a poster session.

Session 1 began with a talk presented by Dr. Alessia Portieri on a terahertz probe for detection of breast cancer followed by “Numerical studies of supercontinuum generation based on quasi-rectangle wave pumping” by Professor Tianxin Yang, with additional talks on “Incoherent sub-terahertz radiation source with a photomixer array for active imaging in smoky environments,” and an invited paper, “Structured-surface-plasmon-inspired THz components and devices,” by Professor Elliot Brown.

Session 2 began with an invited talk by Professor Sundaram on “Glasses and ceramics for THz photonics” with additional talks on “Photoconductive materials for THz generation at 1550 nm: ErAs:GaAs vs InGaAs based materials,” “Terahertz wavefront assessment based on 2D electro-optic imaging,” “Terahertz plasmonic channel waveguide based on metallic rod arrays,” with the final talk of the session on “Terahertz photonic crystals based on two-dimensional rod array.”

Session 3 began with an invited talk on “Preliminary results of non-contact THz imaging of cornea,” followed by talks that included “Flexible waveguide enabled single-channel terahertz endoscopic system,” “A new scheme for ultra-intense terahertz pulse production and nonlinear THz science,” “Room-temperature zero-bias plasmonic THz detection by asymmetric dual-grating-gate HEMT,” and concluding with a talk on “Enhancing the low frequency THz resonances (< 1 THz) of organic molecules via electronegative atom substitution.”

Session 4 began with an invited talk on “Deep sub-wavelength structure empowered THz components,” by Professor Jinghua Teng of A*STAR Institute of Materials Research and Engineering in Singapore followed by talks on “Video rate imaging of narrow band THz radiation based on frequency upconversion,” “Novel method of generation of linear frequency modulation optical waveforms with swept range of over 200 GHz for LIDAR systems,” and concluding with a talk on liquid crystal device into THz phase imaging.

Session 5 began with an invited talk by Mona Jarrahi on “Plasmonic photomixers for high-power continuous-wave terahertz generation,” followed by talks on “Optical multi-coset sampling of GHz-band chirped signals” and “Optical and quasi-optical analysis of system components for a far-infrared space interferometer.” Mr. Xingyu Zhang, a graduate student at the University of Texas at Austin, presented the session’s last two talks on “Antenna-coupled silicon-organic hybrid integrated photonic crystal modulator for broadband electromagnetic wave detection” (winner of the Best Student Paper Award) and “Integrated broadband bowtie antenna on transparent substrate.”

Session 6 began with a talk on the “Demonstration of high-resolution doping profile mapping using terahertz time domain spectroscopy with electrochemical anodization,” followed by “Performance of microwave optoelectronic oscillators based on crystalline whispering-gallery mode resonators,” and concluding with “High-performance PIN photodetector at 67GHz and beyond for radio-over-fiber applications.”

Session 7 began with “Frequency tuning of THz quantum cascade lasers,” by Professor Xifeng Qian, followed by an invited talk on “Development of portable terahertz scanner for imaging and spectroscopy using InP-related devices,” by Dr. Kyung Hyun Park of the Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute in the Republic of Korea, with other talks on “Multiple-angle approach for enhanced terahertz spectroscopic pattern recognition,” “High-power photodetector modules for microwave photonic applications,” “Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser using polarization-differential time delay for photonic microwave filter,” and concluded with a talk on “Recent developments in electroabsorption modulators at Acreo Swedish ICT.”

Session 8 began with a talk on “Compensating the carrier screening effect in plasmonic photoconductive terahertz sources,” followed by talks on “Hydration kinetics of cement composites with varying water-cement ratio using terahertz spectroscopy,” “Design of hybrid optical delay line for automotive radar test system,” and concluded with a talk on “Broadband receiver-based distortion elimination in phase-modulated analog optical links using four-wave mixing.”

Session 9 began with a talk on “Reconfigurable thermo-optic polymer switch based true-time-delay network utilizing imprinting and inkjet printing,” followed by talks on “Fourier transform molecular rotational resonance spectroscopy for reprogrammable chemical sensing,” “Design and characterization of evanescently-coupled dual-photodiodes for 1.3 µm wavelength,” and concluded with a talk on “Aluminum-doped zinc-oxide for radio frequency applications.”

There were also a number of excellent poster presentations at this conference.

As in prior Terahertz Technology and Applications conferences, these papers represent a cross section of much of the research work that is being pursued in the technically challenging terahertz spectral and other electromagnetic regions.

In the prior seven years of these Proceedings (SPIE Volumes 6472, 6893 7215, 7601, 7938, 8621, 8624, and 8985, respectively), we (including Dr. Kurt Linden) presented a list of recent technical articles describing significant advances in the terahertz technology. This year, for the interested reader, we also include a list that points to a rather extensive and growing database on the terahertz absorption characteristics of a large number of chemicals given on the website That website, in turn, provides links to related terahertz technology database websites as shown in Table 1.

Table 1.

List of terahertz technology database websites as found at

•THz-BRIDGE Spectral Database•NIST THz Spectral Database•RIKEN THz Spectral Database•THz Links from Rice University•Terahertz Technology Forum•Teraherts Photonics Laboratory, Osaka University•Kawase Laboratory “Tera health”, Nagoya University•Laboratory of Terahertz Bioengineering, Tohoku University•Infrared and Raman Users Group•Kyoto University, Terahertz Optical Science Group•Kyoto University, Laboratory of Bio-Sensing Engineering•Spectra Design

In the last eight years’ introduction to SPIE Proceedings, Volumes 6472, 6893, 7215, 7601, 7938, 8621, 8624, and 8985, respectively, two tables were included, one summarizing the more common terahertz radiation sources, and the other summarizing the more common terahertz detector types. For the interest of the general reader we again include these tables without updates, other than to note that recent advancements in vacuum electronics BWOs coupled with solid state multipliers have now produced usable power above 2 THz and that devices such as quantum cascade lasers continue to make improvements that encroach upon established high power sources such as carbon dioxide lasers. Due to such advancements, any values listed in Tables 2 and 3 are likely to be bested by new records in a very short time period; however, the sources and detectors listed in Tables 2 and 3 still comprise the majority of those used in the THz regime. Readers of this volume may send additions and enhancements to these tables so that future volumes can continue to provide readers with relevant information on the availability of terahertz sources and detectors. Such suggestions can be sent to

Table 2.

Summary of common terahertz sources

THz source typeDetailsCharacteristics
Synchrotron* Coherent synchrotron produces very high photon flux, including THz regionE-beam, very broadband source, limited instrument availability, very large size, 20 W pulsed
Free electron laser* Benchtop design at Univ. Essex, UK Elec beam moves over alternate H-field regionsTunable over entire THz region, under development 0.1 - 4.8 THz, 0.5 - 5 kW, 1 - 20 us pulses at 1 Hz
Smith-Purcell emitters* E-beam travels over metal grating surface,Requires vacuum, has low efficiency
Backward-wave oscillators* Vacuum tube, requires homog H-field~10 kG “Carcinotron”, room temperature, to 1.2 ThzTunable output possible. Under development and commercially available, 10 mW power level, <1 THz
Mercury lamp* Water cooled housing, low press. 1E-3 Torr 75-150 W lamp, broad emissionSciencetech SPS-200,300, low power density Low-cost, used in THz spectroscopy
Optically pumped gas cell laser* Grating-tuned CO2 laser and far-IR gas cell such as methane. Most mature laser.> 100 mW, 0.3-10 THz, discrete lines, CW/pulsed Commercially avail - Coherent ($400K - $1M)
Opt pump GaAs, p-InAs, Si, ZnTe, InGaAs (fiber laser pump), Ge photoconducting (PC) switch* Mode locked Nd:YAG or Ti:sapphire laser creates short across biased spiral antenna gap Also As-doped Si, CO2 laser pumpImaging apparatus produced, 0.1 to 3 THz Commercially available, CW uW range, $50K-500K 6 THz stim emission from As, Liq He temp.
Laser-induced air plasma* Ti-saph laser induces air plasmaRemote THz generatiion possible, very low power Possibility of power increase in multiple plasmas
Photomixing of near-IR lasers* Mixing tunable Ti-sapphire laser and diode laser in LT-grown GaAs photomixer. * GaSe crystal, Nd:YAG/OPO difference freq * Single 835 nm diode laser, external cavity * Diff-freq generation with 2 monolith QCLsTens of nW, tunable. Requires antenna pattern Not commercial. GaP gave 480 mW @ 1.3 THz Tunable 58-3540um (5-0.1THz),209 W pulse 1.5THz 2-freq mix& 4-wave mixing, RT, sub-nW,0.3-4.2THz 7.6 u & 8.7 u -> 5 THz, 60 nW puled output
Electrically pumped Ge in H-field* Electric field injects electrons, magnetic field splits hole levels for low-E transitionsRequires electric and magnetic fields Output up to hundres of mW, cryogenic cooling, 1.5 ~ 4 THz
Electrically pumped Si:B or As* Transitions between impurity levels 100 x 200 um rectangle mesas, biased31 uW output at 8.1 THz, slightly polarized Cryogenic cooling needed
Electrically pulsed InGaAs RTD* Harmonically generated by electrical pulses RTD integrated into slot antenna0.6 uW, 1.02 THz harmonic from InGaAs/AlAs RTD pulsed at 300 Hz
Direct multiplied mm waves* Multiplied to low-THz region up-multiplied from mm-waveLow power (uW level), available (VA Diodes) Coherent, heterodyne local oscillators in astronomy
Parametric generators* Q-switched Nd:YAG pumps MgO:LiNbO3 non-linear crystal, Phase matched GaAs, GaP200 W pulsed power, room temp., 0.1-5 THz tunable some commercially available ~ $30K
Quantum cascade (QC) laser* First announced in 2002, semiconductor, AlGaAs/GaAs-based, MBE grown, 1.6 to 4 THzOperated at mW power, and up to 164K pulsed THz not commercially available, require cryo-cooling
Josephson junction cascadesResearch stage0.4-0.85 THz, microwatts
Transistor* InGaAs channel PHEMT with 35 nm gate * InGaAs with 12.5 nm gate, 0.845 THz1.2 THz, development at Northrop Grumman Univ. Ill (Dec 2006)
Grating-bicoupled plasmon-FET* GaAs based double interdigitated gratingwith 1.5um laser illum., Tohoku/Hokkaido Univ.

Table 3.

Summary of common terahertz radiation detectors

THz detector typeDetailsCharacteristics
Si bolometer* Most sensitive (10 pW Hz1/2) THz detector at liquid He temp., slow response timeResponsivity 2E9V/W,NEP=1E-17 WHz1/2,100 mK Requires liquid He dewar, commercially avail.
Superconducting hot elec bolom* Highest sensitivity Fast (1 us) response timeRequires cooling to 0.3 K, NEP=1E-17 WHz1/2 Commercially available, expensive, bulky
Pyroelectric detectors* Slow response t, 220 nW sensitiv at 24 Hz Requires pulsed signals or mechanical chopperRoom temp operation, commercially available, Low cost, imagers available ~ $10K
Schottky diodes* ~ 1 THz cutoff frequency Fast response, but low THz sensitivityCommercially available ((VA Diodes) with corner ref. Room temp operation, good for mixers
PC dipole antennas* signal gen across biased spiral antenna gap Short pulsed detection onlyAnalogous to optically pumped THz PC switch but in detection mode. Commercially available
Antenna coupled inter-subband* 4-terminal phototransistor, 1.6 THzUnder development UCSB
III-V HEMT & Si FET to 300K* HEMT with 250 nm gate plasma wave-based detection20 K, 50 mV/W at 420 GHz, still in development Univ research, Si NEP to 1E-10 W/Hz1/2 at 300 K
Quantum dot photon detector* Demo-photon counting terahertz microscopy imaging, requires 0.3 K temp, research onlyUnder development, 1E-19 W = 100 photons/sec, Tokyo Univ.

Laurence P. Sadwick Tianxin Yang

© (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
"Front Matter: Volume 9362", Proc. SPIE 9362, Terahertz, RF, Millimeter, and Submillimeter-Wave Technology and Applications VIII, 936201 (7 May 2015);

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