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3 April 2015 Equilibrium modal power distribution measurement of step-index hard plastic cladding and graded-index silica multimode fibers
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Proceedings Volume 9368, Optical Interconnects XV; 93680N (2015)
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2015, San Francisco, California, United States
A stable reproducible optical standard source for measuring multimode optical fiber attenuation is required as recent round robin measurements of such fibers at several international companies and national standards organizations showed significant variation when using a source having only the encircled flux in the near field emerging from it defined. The paper presents and compares the far field modal power distributions for (i) 2 km and 3 km step-index multimode Hard Plastic Cladding Fibers, HPCF, (SI-MMF) with 200 μm silica core diameter, 0.37 numerical aperture (NA) and polymer cladding, (ii) a 10 m silica graded-index multimode fiber (GI-MMF) with 50 μm core diameter and 0.2 NA, and (ii) a near field Encircled Flux Mode Convertor or “modcon”. A free space method for measuring the far field using a Lightemitting diode (LED) centered at 850 nm wavelength with 40 nm 10 dB-bandwidth and a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera is compared with a f-theta multi-element lens based far field pattern (FFP) system. Mandrels of different diameter and different numbers of turns of the fiber around them were used to achieve an equilibrium mode distribution (EMD) for the GI-MMF. The paper defines encircled angular flux (EAF) as the fraction of the total optical power radiating from a multimode optical fiber core within a certain solid angle in the far field. The paper calculates the EAF when the solid angle increases from the far field centroid.
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Ruichen Tao, Takehiro Hayashi, Manabu Kagami, Shigeru Kobayashi, Manabu Yasukawa, Hui Yang, David Robinson, Hadi Baghsiahi, F. Aníbal Fernández, and David R. Selviah "Equilibrium modal power distribution measurement of step-index hard plastic cladding and graded-index silica multimode fibers", Proc. SPIE 9368, Optical Interconnects XV, 93680N (3 April 2015);

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