8 February 2015 Selective area growth of III-nitride nanorods on polar, semi-polar, and non-polar orientations: device applications
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New advances on Selective Area Growth (SAG) of InGaN/GaN nanostructures by plasma-assisted MBE on GaN/sapphire templates and Si (111) substrates are presented. Both, axial and core-shell structures are considered. Very intense green electroluminescence is achieved on axial nanoLEDs grown on Si(111) with very small emission drift with current injection. First results on core-shell InGaN/GaN structures grown by MBE on GaN templates are also presented. Two approaches are followed: i) top down, where cylindrical micro-rods are etched down by ICP from a 3 micron thick GaN/sapphire template, and bottom up, in which very high aspect ratio GaN cores are used. In both cases, GaN and InGaN shell layers are then grown both in axial and radial directions. Potential advantages of this core-shell structure as compared to the axial one are twofold: the increase of emission surface (lateral area) and the absence of internal electric fields (m-plane). The crystal perfection is much better than that of 2D InGaN films of similar In% composition. Ordered arrays of GaN and InGaN axial nanostructures are also grown on non-polar and semi-polar directions and subsequently merged into a continuous film to produce high quality pseudo substrates. The resulting films exhibit a very strong luminescence, orders of magnitude higher that from the substrate used. Semi-polar GaN templates have a huge density of stacking faults (SFs) most of them are filtered upon coalescence of the nanostructures grown on top. In all cases there is a preferential growth direction along the c-plane (0001). PL and spatially resolved CL measurements on individual nanostructures, either polar, non-polar, or semi-polar show that the In% incorporation depends strongly on the crystal plane considered.
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S. Albert, S. Albert, A. Bengoechea-Encabo, A. Bengoechea-Encabo, D. Lopez-Romero, D. Lopez-Romero, P. de Mierry, P. de Mierry, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, J. Zúñiga-Pérez, X. Kong, X. Kong, A. Trampert, A. Trampert, M. Sanchez-Garcia, M. Sanchez-Garcia, E. Calleja, E. Calleja, "Selective area growth of III-nitride nanorods on polar, semi-polar, and non-polar orientations: device applications", Proc. SPIE 9370, Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices XII, 937017 (8 February 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2085079; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2085079


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