27 February 2015 Polarization sensitive beam bending using a spatially variant photonic crystal
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Abstract
A spatially-variant photonic crystal (SVPC) that can control the spatial propagation of electromagnetic waves in three dimensions with high polarization sensitivity was fabricated and characterized. The geometric attributes of the SVPC lattice were spatially varied to make use of the directional phenomena of self-collimation to tightly bend an unguided beam coherently through a 90 degree angle. Both the lattice spacing and the fill factor of the SVPC were maintained to be nearly constant throughout the structure. A finite-difference frequency-domain computational method confirms that the SVPC can self-collimate and bend light without significant diffuse scatter caused by the bend. The SVPC was fabricated using multi-photon direct laser writing in the photo-polymer SU-8. Mid-infrared light having a vacuum wavelength of λ0 = 2.94 μm was used to experimentally characterize the SVPCs by scanning the sides of the structure with optical fibers and measuring the intensity of light emanating from each face. Results show that the SVPC is capable of directing power flow of one polarization through a 90-degree turn, confirming the self-collimating and polarization selective light-guiding properties of the structures.
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Jennefir L. Digaum, Jennefir L. Digaum, Javier Pazos, Javier Pazos, Raymond Rumpf, Raymond Rumpf, Jeff Chiles, Jeff Chiles, Sasan Fathpour, Sasan Fathpour, Jeremy N. Thomas, Jeremy N. Thomas, Stephen M. Kuebler, Stephen M. Kuebler, } "Polarization sensitive beam bending using a spatially variant photonic crystal", Proc. SPIE 9371, Photonic and Phononic Properties of Engineered Nanostructures V, 93710I (27 February 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2076829; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2076829
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