10 March 2015 Transport-aware imaging
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Conventional cameras record all light falling on their sensor regardless of the path that light followed to get there. In this paper we give an overview of a new family of computational cameras that offers many more degrees of freedom. These cameras record just a fraction of the light coming from a controllable source, based on the actual 3D light path followed. Photos and live video captured this way offer an unconventional view of everyday scenes in which the effects of scattering, refraction and other phenomena can be selectively blocked or enhanced, visual structures that are too subtle to notice with the naked eye can become apparent, and object appearance can depend on depth. We give an overview of the basic theory behind these cameras and their DMD-based implementation, and discuss three applications: (1) live indirect-only imaging of complex everyday scenes, (2) reconstructing the 3D shape of scenes whose geometry or material properties make them hard or impossible to scan with conventional methods, and (3) acquiring time-of-flight images that are free of multi-path interference.
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Kyros N. Kutulakos, Kyros N. Kutulakos, Matthew O'Toole, Matthew O'Toole, "Transport-aware imaging", Proc. SPIE 9376, Emerging Digital Micromirror Device Based Systems and Applications VII, 937606 (10 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2085305; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2085305


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