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23 April 2015 Front Matter: Volume 9380
Proceedings Volume 9380, Laser Refrigeration of Solids VIII; 938001 (2015)
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2015, San Francisco, California, United States
This PDF file contains the front matter associated with SPIE Proceedings Volume 9380, including the Title Page, Copyright information, Table of Contents, Authors, Introduction (if any), and Conference Committee listing.

The papers included in this volume were part of the technical conference cited on the cover and title page. Papers were selected and subject to review by the editors and conference program committee. Some conference presentations may not be available for publication. The papers published in these proceedings reflect the work and thoughts of the authors and are published herein as submitted. The publisher is not responsible for the validity of the information or for any outcomes resulting from reliance thereon.

Please use the following format to cite material from this book:

Author(s), “Title of Paper,” in Laser Refrigeration of Solids VIII, edited by Richard I. Epstein, Denis V. Seletskiy, Mansoor Sheik-Bahae, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9380 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2015) Article CID Number.

ISSN: 0277-786X

ISBN: 9781628414707

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  • The last two digits indicate publication order within the volume using a Base 36 numbering system employing both numerals and letters. These two-number sets start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B … 0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc.

The CID Number appears on each page of the manuscript. The complete citation is used on the first page, and an abbreviated version on subsequent pages.


Numbers in the index correspond to the last two digits of the six-digit citation identifier (CID) article numbering system used in Proceedings of SPIE. The first four digits reflect the volume number. Base 36 numbering is employed for the last two digits and indicates the order of articles within the volume. Numbers start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B...0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc.

  • Albrecht, Alexander R., 03, 0F

  • Arriandiaga, M. Angeles, 0A

  • Balda, Rolindes, 0A

  • Barredo-Zuriarrain, Macarena, 0A

  • Bluiett, Althea, 0O

  • Boncher, William L., 04, 0I

  • Brown, Ei E., 0O

  • Cedeberg, Jeffrey G., 03

  • Christopoulos, Stavros, 0M

  • Cota, Roberto, 0M

  • Crane, Matthew J., 07

  • Dirmyer, Matthew R., 04

  • Dodson, C., 0J

  • Dong, Guang-Zong, 0N

  • Fernández, Joaquín, 0A

  • Fraser, T., 0J

  • García-Revilla, Sara, 0A

  • Gerwers, Benedikt, 0M

  • Ghasemkhani, Mohammadreza, 03

  • Giannini, Nathan, 0F

  • Hakmeh, Noha, 0A

  • Hassani Nia, Iman, 0E

  • Hehlen, Markus P., 04, 0I

  • Hömmerich, Uwe, 0O

  • Ivanov, Andrei V., 0S

  • Judge, Elizabeth, 04

  • Kashyap, Raman, 08, 0P, 0Q, 0R

  • Knicker, Katharina, 0M

  • Kumi-Barimah, Eric, 0O

  • Kummara, Venkata Krishaniah, 0P, 0Q, 0R

  • Ledemi, Yannick, 0P, 0R

  • Love, Steven P., 0I

  • Manor, Assaf, 0L

  • Martin, K. W., 0J

  • Martin, Leopoldo L., 0L

  • Melgaard, Seth D., 03, 0F

  • Merdrignac-Conanec, Odile, 0A

  • Messaddeq, Younes, 0P, 0R

  • Mohseni, Hooman, 0E

  • Moroshkin, Peter, 0M

  • Nemova, Galina, 08, 0Q

  • Pauzauskie, Peter J., 07

  • Quintanilla, Marta, 0Q

  • Roder, Paden B., 07

  • Rotschild, Carmel, 0L

  • Rozhdestvensky, Yurii V., 0S

  • Sansinena, Jose-Maria, 04

  • Saß, Anne, 0M

  • Schomacker, J., 0J

  • Seletskiy, Denis V., 03

  • Sheik-Bahae, Mansoor, 03, 0F

  • Silva, Junior R., 0F

  • Smith, Bennett E., 07

  • Soares de Lima Filho, Elton, 0P, 0Q, 0R

  • Trivedi, Sudhir B., 0O

  • Vetrone, Fiorenzo, 0Q

  • Wang, Chengao, 0F

  • Weitz, Martin, 0M

  • Weller, Lars, 0M

  • Yu, Ye-Jin, 0R

  • Zhang, Xin-Lu, 0N

  • Zhou, Xuezhe, 07

Conference Committee

Symposium Chairs

  • David L. Andrews, University of East Anglia (United Kingdom)

  • Alexei L. Glebov, OptiGrate Corporation (United States)

Symposium Co-chairs

  • Jean-Emmanuel Broquin, IMEP-LAHC (France)

  • Shibin Jiang, AdValue Photonics, Inc. (United States)

Program Track Chair

  • Zameer U. Hasan, Temple University (United States)

Conference Chairs

  • Richard I. Epstein, The University of New Mexico (United States)

  • Denis V. Seletskiy, Universität Konstanz (Germany)

  • Mansoor Sheik-Bahae, The University of New Mexico (United States)

Conference Program Committee

  • Daniel A. Bender, Sandia National Laboratories (United States)

  • Steven Bowman, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (United States)

  • Tal Eliezer Carmon, University of Michigan (United States)

  • Joaquín Fernández, Universidad del País Vasco (Spain)

  • Zameer Ul Hasan, Temple University (United States)

  • Raman Kashyap, École Polytechnique de Montréal (Canada)

  • Paul D. LeVan, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

  • Mauro Tonelli, Università degli Studi di Pisa (Italy)

  • Qihua Xiong, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)

Session Chairs

  • 1 Cryogenic Refrigeration in Rare-Earth Doped Systems

    Raman Kashyap, École Polytechnique de Montréal (Canada)

  • 2 Novel Rare-Earth Doped Systems

    Steven Bowman, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (United States)

  • 3 Laser Cooling in Semiconductors

    Paul D. LeVan, Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

  • 4 Applications and Device Concepts

    Daniel A. Bender, Sandia National Laboratories (United States)

  • 5 Novel Cooling Concepts

    Galina A. Nemova, École Polytechnique de Montréal (Canada)


2015 is designated as the International Year of Light. This year, we also mark the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the field of laser cooling of solids, following pioneering experiments on first observation of cooling of a ytterbium-doped glass by 0.3 K starting from room temperature (R. I. Epstein et. al., Nature 377, 500 (1995)).

To rise to these occasions, this year’s Laser Refrigeration of Solids VIII (LRS VIII) conference attracted an exciting collection of 27 invited, contributed, and poster talks showcasing advancements in the field, ranging from expanding scientific understanding of laser cooling to novel applications. The papers discussed recent results categorized in five sessions: Cryogenic Refrigeration in Rare-Earth-Doped Systems, Novel Rare-Earth Doped Systems, Laser Cooling in Semiconductors, Applications and Device Concepts, and Novel Cooling Concepts. On one hand, the progress included expansion of the database of rare-earth doped cooling materials comprised now of ytterbium, thulium, erbium, and dysprosium dopants in a variety of crystal and glass hosts, both in bulk and nanoscale geometries. On the other, material science and advanced characterization methods have allowed for improvement of the quality of cooling solids to the point that operating temperatures of 90 Kelvin are now being reported by the University of New Mexico team. Liquid nitrogen temperatures may be within reach in the near future, and this progress motivates the multitude of advanced applications, ranging from basic science ones to space-borne sensor systems. Many of these applications were presented this year in a number of invited and contributed talks.

In parallel with the developments in cooling of insulator-based crystals, the field has witnessed active theoretical and experimental advances in efforts to achieve optical refrigeration of semiconductors. First demonstrations of laser cooling of II-VI materials and record-breaking external quantum efficiency in III-V semiconductor heterostructures have marked milestone achievements in this direction a few years ago. This year’s meeting elaborated on new strategies for increasing performance in laser cooling of semiconductors together with development of advanced methods of high precision characterization of materials.

Novel laser cooling applications that go beyond the aforementioned themes have seen new results, covering the topics of ultrastable lasers, design of low-thermal-noise coatings, design studies of laser-cooled infrared sensors and thermal link modeling. Additionally, new aspects of laser cooling included topics on optically-cooled solid state lasers, optical-refrigeration for ultra-efficient photovoltaics, redistributional laser cooling of gases and laser cooling via superradiance.

We are very happy to acknowledge the growth of our community of optical refrigeration by announcing a new “Tri-Technology Device Cryocoolers” conference (TTDC) to be held annually in Baltimore, Maryland starting in 2016, as part of the SPIE DSS meeting. For more information on the venue, please refer to The new conference will focus on engineering and device-oriented research on cryogenic optical refrigeration, as well as thermoelectric and mechanical cryocoolers. At the same time, our conference within the Photonics West meeting will now focus more on the fundamental science of solid state cryocoolers, which would also include novel developments in fundamental aspects of thermoelectric coolers (TEC). We already covered TECs within our conference in 2013, resulting in a fruitful scientific exchange between the two fields. We would like to continue on this thread. Therefore, in light of these changes and to reflect the expanding scope of our conference we, together with the Chairs of the TTDC conference, and in agreement with SPIE representatives, have decided to rename our meeting to “Optical and Electronic Cooling of Solids”, starting in 2016. We invite you to consider your participation in both conferences and look forward to your exciting submissions next year. As always, please stay tuned for new announcements later in the year.

Finally, we would like to take this opportunity to thank all members of the Program Committee and the SPIE staff for their help in organizing another very successful SPIE Laser Refrigeration of Solids Conference. Thank you to all the speakers, presenters and participants for sharing their novel developments and new insights, as well as active discussions, making 2015 another successful year for our conference.

Richard I. Epstein

Denis V. Seletskiy

Mansoor Sheik-Bahae

© (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
"Front Matter: Volume 9380", Proc. SPIE 9380, Laser Refrigeration of Solids VIII, 938001 (23 April 2015);

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