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10 March 2015 Above-threshold numerical modeling of high-index-contrast photonic-crystal quantum cascade lasers
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Proceedings Volume 9382, Novel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers XIV; 93821L (2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2076504
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2015, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
Three-dimensional above-threshold analyses of high-index-contrast (HC) photonic-crystal (PC) quantum-cascade-laser arrays (QCLA) structures, for operation at watt-range CW powers in a single spatial mode, have been performed. Threeelement HC-PC structures are formed by alternating active- antiguided and passive-guided regions along with respective metal-electrode spatial profiling. The 3-D numerical code takes into account absorption and edge-radiation losses. Rigrod’s approximation is used for the gain. The specific feature of QCLA is that only the transverse component of the magnetic field sees the gain. Results of above-threshold laser modeling in various approximate versions of laser-cavity description are compared with the results of linear, full-vectorial modeling by using the COMSOL package. Additionally, modal gains for several higher-order optical modes, on a ‘frozen gain background’ produced by the fundamental-mode, are computed by the Arnoldi algorithm. The gain spatial-hole burning effect results in growth of the competing modes’ gain with drive current. Approaching the lasing threshold for a competing higher-order mode sets a limit on the single-mode operation range. The modal structure and stability are studied over a wide range in the variation of the inter-element widths. Numerical analyses predict that the proper choice of construction parameters ensures stable single-mode operation at high drive levels above threshold. The output power from a single- mode operated QCLA at a wavelength of 4.7 μm is predicted to be available at multi-watt levels, although this power may be restricted by thermal effects.
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Anatoly P. Napartovich, N. N. Elkin, D. V. Vysotsky, J. Kirch, C. Sigler, D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, and A. Belyanin "Above-threshold numerical modeling of high-index-contrast photonic-crystal quantum cascade lasers", Proc. SPIE 9382, Novel In-Plane Semiconductor Lasers XIV, 93821L (10 March 2015); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2076504
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