We present a 3D imaging system based on a laser light source and a novel tip-tilt-piston micro-mirror. Optical interference is utilized to create sinusoidal fringe patterns. The setup allows fast and easy control of both the frequency and the phase of the fringe patterns by altering the axes of the micro-mirror. For 3D reconstruction we have adapted a Dual Frequency Phase Shifting method which gives robust range measurements with sub-millimeter accuracy.
The use of interference for generating sine patterns provides high light efficiency and good focusing properties. The use of a laser and a bandpass filter allows easy removal of ambient light. The fast response of the micro-mirror in combination with a high-speed camera and real-time processing on the GPU allows highly accurate 3D range image acquisition at video rates.