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18 March 2015 The rotate-plus-shift C-arm trajectory: complete CT data with limited angular rotation
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In the last decade C–arm–based cone–beam CT became a widely used modality for intraoperative imaging. Typically a C–arm scan is performed using a circle–like trajectory around a region of interest. Therefor an angular range of at least 180° plus fan–angle must be covered to ensure a completely sampled data set. This fact defines some constraints on the geometry and technical specifications of a C–arm system, for example a larger C radius or a smaller C opening respectively. These technical modifications are usually not beneficial in terms of handling and usability of the C–arm during classical 2D applications like fluoroscopy. The method proposed in this paper relaxes the constraint of 180◦ plus fan–angle rotation to acquire a complete data set. The proposed C–arm trajectory requires a motorization of the orbital axis of the C and of ideally two orthogonal axis in the C plane. The trajectory consists of three parts: A rotation of the C around a defined iso–center and two translational movements parallel to the detector plane at the begin and at the end of the rotation. Combining these three parts to one trajectory enables for the acquisition of a completely sampled dataset using only 180° minus fan–angle of rotation. To evaluate the method we show animal and cadaver scans acquired with a mobile C-arm prototype. We expect that the transition of this method into clinical routine will lead to a much broader use of intraoperative 3D imaging in a wide field of clinical applications.
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Ludwig Ritschl, Jan Kuntz, and Marc Kachelrieß "The rotate-plus-shift C-arm trajectory: complete CT data with limited angular rotation", Proc. SPIE 9412, Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging, 941221 (18 March 2015);

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