18 March 2015 Scatter-free breast imaging using a monochromator coupled to a pixellated spectroscopic detector
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Abstract
This project uses the combination of a spectroscopic detector and a monochromator to produce scatter free images for use in mammography. Reducing scatter is vital in mammography, where typical structures have either low contrast or small dimensions. The typical method to reduce scatter is the anti-scatter grid, which has the drawback of absorbing a fraction of the primary beam as well as scattered radiation. An increase in the dose is then required in order to compensate. Compton-scattered X-rays have lower energy than the primary beam. When using a monochromatic beam and a spectroscopic detector the scattered beam will appear at lower energies than the primary beam in the detected spectrum. Therefore if the spectrum of the detected X-rays is available, the scattered component can be windowed out of the spectrum, essentially producing a scatter free image. The monochromator used in this study is made from a Highly Orientated Pyrolytic Graphite (HOPG) crystal with a mosaic spread of 0.4°±0.1°. The detector is a pixellated spectroscopic detector that is made from a 2 cm x 2 cm x 0.1 cm CdTe crystal with a pixel pitch of 250 μm and an energy resolution of 0.8 keV at 59.5 keV. This work presents the characterisation of the monochromator and initial imaging data. The work shows a contrast increase of 20% with the removal of the low energy Compton scattered X-rays.
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F. H. Green, F. H. Green, M. C. Veale, M. C. Veale, M. D. Wilson, M. D. Wilson, P. Seller, P. Seller, J. Scuffham, J. Scuffham, S. Pani, S. Pani, } "Scatter-free breast imaging using a monochromator coupled to a pixellated spectroscopic detector", Proc. SPIE 9412, Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging, 94125G (18 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2081914; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2081914
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