20 March 2015 Robustness evaluation of a computer-aided detection system for pulmonary embolism (PE) in CTPA using independent test set from multiple institutions
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Abstract
We have developed a computer-aided detection (CAD) system for assisting radiologists in detection of pulmonary embolism (PE) in computed tomographic pulmonary angiographic (CTPA) images. The CAD system includes stages of pulmonary vessel segmentation, prescreening of PE candidates and false positive (FP) reduction to identify suspicious PEs. The system was trained with 59 CTPA PE cases collected retrospectively from our patient files (UM set) with IRB approval. Five feature groups containing 139 features that characterized the intensity texture, gradient, intensity homogeneity, shape, and topology of PE candidates were initially extracted. Stepwise feature selection guided by simplex optimization was used to select effective features for FP reduction. A linear discriminant analysis (LDA) classifier was formulated to differentiate true PEs from FPs. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of our CAD system using an independent test set of CTPA cases. The test set consists of 50 PE cases from the PIOPED II data set collected by multiple institutions with access permission. A total of 537 PEs were manually marked by experienced thoracic radiologists as reference standard for the test set. The detection performance was evaluated by freeresponse receiver operating characteristic (FROC) analysis. The FP classifier obtained a test Az value of 0.847 and the FROC analysis indicated that the CAD system achieved an overall sensitivity of 80% at 8.6 FPs/case for the PIOPED test set.
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Chuan Zhou, Chuan Zhou, Heang-Ping Chan, Heang-Ping Chan, Aamer Chughtai, Aamer Chughtai, Jean W. Kuriakose, Jean W. Kuriakose, Ella A. Kazerooni, Ella A. Kazerooni, Lubomir M. Hadjiiski, Lubomir M. Hadjiiski, Jun Wei, Jun Wei, Smita Patel, Smita Patel, } "Robustness evaluation of a computer-aided detection system for pulmonary embolism (PE) in CTPA using independent test set from multiple institutions", Proc. SPIE 9414, Medical Imaging 2015: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 941408 (20 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2082015; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2082015
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