18 March 2015 Comparison of tablet-based strategies for incision planning in laser microsurgery
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Abstract
Recent research has revealed that incision planning in laser surgery deploying stylus and tablet outperforms state-of-the-art micro-manipulator-based laser control. Providing more detailed quantitation regarding that approach, a comparative study of six tablet-based strategies for laser path planning is presented. Reference strategy is defined by monoscopic visualization and continuous path drawing on a graphics tablet. Further concepts deploying stereoscopic or a synthesized laser view, point-based path definition, real-time teleoperation or a pen display are compared with the reference scenario. Volunteers were asked to redraw and ablate stamped lines on a sample. Performance is assessed by measuring planning accuracy, completion time and ease of use. Results demonstrate that significant differences exist between proposed concepts. The reference strategy provides more accurate incision planning than the stereo or laser view scenario. Real-time teleoperation performs best with respect to completion time without indicating any significant deviation in accuracy and usability. Point-based planning as well as the pen display provide most accurate planning and increased ease of use compared to the reference strategy. As a result, combining the pen display approach with point-based planning has potential to become a powerful strategy because of benefiting from improved hand-eye-coordination on the one hand and from a simple but accurate technique for path definition on the other hand. These findings as well as the overall usability scale indicating high acceptance and consistence of proposed strategies motivate further advanced tablet-based planning in laser microsurgery.
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Andreas Schoob, Andreas Schoob, Stefan Lekon, Stefan Lekon, Dennis Kundrat, Dennis Kundrat, Lüder A. Kahrs, Lüder A. Kahrs, Leonardo S. Mattos, Leonardo S. Mattos, Tobias Ortmaier, Tobias Ortmaier, } "Comparison of tablet-based strategies for incision planning in laser microsurgery", Proc. SPIE 9415, Medical Imaging 2015: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 94150J (18 March 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2081032; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2081032
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